Online Current Affairs based on Reports/Surveys

22 Jun, 17

UN says world population will reach 9.8 billion in 2050 according to report by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs’ Population Division.

  • India’s population is expected to surpass China’s in about seven years and Nigeria is projected to overtake the United States and become the third most populous country in the world shortly before 2050, according to a U.N. report.
  • The report by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs’ Population Division forecasts that the current world population of nearly 7.6 billion will increase to 8.6 billion by 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100.
  • The UN agency forecasts that from now through 2050 half the world’s population growth will be concentrated in just 10 countries _ India, Nigeria, Congo, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, United States, Uganda and Indonesia.
Important for Exam?       1 found it important.

19 Jun, 17

No Indian university in world’s top-100 list of Times Higher Education (THE) World Reputation Rankings 2017.

  • Indian universities yet again missed a spot on the Times Higher Education (THE) World Reputation Rankings 2017.
  • The list is compiled through research insight, from leading academics across the world. No Indian university made it to the top-100 list, which Harvard University topped.
  • Asian universities, however, improved their performance, with 28 of them on the list.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Stanford University retained their second and third positions that they had secured last year. Oxford and Cambridge came in a joint fourth.
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17 Jun, 17

India ranks 75th on environment impact according to the survey by MoneySuperMarket

  • India came in 75th in a list of 102 countries ranked from best to last in terms of the human impact on environment per person.
  • It gauges the impact of citizens on the environment by taking into account the share of ;
    1. renewable energy sources in the energy mix,
    2. the energy consumption per capita,
    3. the carbon dioxide emissions per capita,
    4. wastewater treatment capacity,
    5. municipal solid waste generated,
    6. air pollution and
    7. tree cover loss.
  • The ranking was done by MoneySuperMarket, a UK-based financial services website, gave the most weight to Carbon dioxide emissions, municipal solid waste and energy consumption.
  • Trinidad and Tobago ranks last because it hardly relies on any green energy sources and
  • Mozambique tops the list as the most green nation because it uses 100% green energy.
Important for Exam?     

14 Jun, 17

With 2.5 lakh Child labourers, Uttar Pradesh ranks first according to a report of CRY

  • Over 8 lakh children in India between the age group 5 and 6 years are engaged in child labour. A large percentage, over 5 lakh of these children do not attend school.
  • Majority of these kids are engaged in family based employments, states a CRY report.
  • According to the report, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of 2,50,672 children engaged in labour, followed by Bihar with 1,28,087 children and Maharashtra where the number stands at 82,847.
Important for Exam?       1 found it important.

10 Jun, 17

Wal-Mart Tops Fortune 500 List

  • Fortune magazine is out with its annual list of America’s top 500 companies. The list has been a measure of the country’s most valuable businesses since it first came out in 1955. This year, the combined total revenue of all 500 companies reaches $12.1 trillion, 65 percent of the U.S. GDP.
  • These companies ranked in the top 5 on the Fortune 500 list:
    1. Walmart Stores: Revenue (2016): $485.9 billion
    2. Berkshire Hathaway: Revenue: $223.6 billion
    3. Apple: Revenue: $215.6 billion
    4. ExxonMobil: Revenue: $205 billion
    5. McKesson: Revenue: $192.5 billion
Important for Exam?     

9 Jun, 17

QS World Universities Ranking 2018: IIT Delhi, IISc Bangalore make it to top 200

  • The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings 2018 has been released and giving India a reason to rejoice, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, have made it to the top 200 global universities.
  • This is for the first time that three prestigious Indian institutions have featured in the list of the top 200 universities as per the QS Rankings.
    IISc Bangalore has climbed from 190 to 152
    IIT Delhi moved from 172 to 185
    IIT Bombay jumped from 219 to 179 this year
Important for Exam?     

6 Jun, 17

India slips to 45th spot in IMD’s World Competitiveness list

  • India has been ranked 45th, down four notches from last year, in terms of competitiveness in the annual rankings compiled by IMD which saw Hong Kong topping the list.
  • US was “pushed out” of the top three slots while Hong Kong consolidated its dominance of the annual rankings for the second year in the list compiled by the International Institute for Management Development’s (IMD) World Competitiveness Center.
  • Switzerland and Singapore were ranked second and third respectively, with the US at the fourth spot.
  • Others in the top 10 list include Ireland at sixth, Denmark seventh, Luxembourg (eighth), Sweden (ninth) and UAE at 10th.
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India ranks 154 in global healthcare rankings for 2015, Switzerland tops list

  • Global healthcare rankings in 195 countries was released and India ranked a lowly 154th on the Healthcare Access and Quality Index, making it among the biggest underachievers in Asia.
  • Among nations with more than a million souls, top honours for 2015 went to Switzerland, followed by Sweden and Norway,
    Iceland (No. 2), Australia (No. 6), Finland (No. 7), the Netherlands (No. 9) and financial and banking centre Luxembourg rounded out the first 10 finishers.
Important for Exam?     

2 Jun, 17

Global Peace Index 2017: World 0.28% more peaceful than last year

  • Levels of peace around the world have improved slightly for the first time since the Syrian war began, but harmony has decreased in the US and terrorism records have increased, a Sydney-based think-tank has found.
  • The Institute for Economics and Peace published its Global Peace Index on Thursday for the 11th year running.
  • Their report found that the world became 0.28% more peaceful over the past year.
Important for Exam?     

1 Jun, 17

Nine Indian Cities in JLL’s latest ‘Global 300’ rankings

  • Nine Indian cities figure on the latest edition of ‘Global 300’ cities – the annual JLL ranking exercise, which represents 300 major cities.
  • These cities are the focus of commercial activity and interest, 40% of the world’s economy, and three-quarters of global real estate investment.
  • While Delhi and Mumbai rank in the ‘Global Top 30’, other cities such as Bangalore, Chennai and Kolkata sit within the ‘Global Top 100’.
Important for Exam?     

India becomes 3rd largest aviation market in domestic traffic

  • India has become the third largest aviation market in terms of domestic passenger traffic, beating Japan, an industry report has said.
  • India’s domestic air passenger traffic stood at 100 million in 2016 and was behind only the US (719 million) and China (436 million), Sydney-based aviation think-tank Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA) said in its latest report.
Important for Exam?     

31 May, 17

India ranks 120th among 131 nations in women workforce

  • In its India Development Report released, the World Bank said the country had one of the lowest female participation in the workforce , ranking 120th among 131 countries for which data was available.
  • While overall job creation has been limited, most of the new ones have been grabbed by men given the social norms.
Important for Exam?     

27 May, 17

India retains world’s highest FDI recipient crown: Report

  • India retained its numero uno position as the world’s top most greenfield FDI investment destination for the second consecutive year, attracting USD 62.3 billion in 2016,
  • India has remained ahead of China and the US as far as FDI inflows were concerned in the last year, said the fDi Report 2017 compiled by fDi Intelligence, a division of The Financial Times Ltd.
  • FDI by capital investment saw an increase of 2 per cent to USD 62.3 billion in 809 projects during 2016 in India
Important for Exam?     

RIL leads 58 Indian firms in Forbes Global 2000 latest list

  • Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries (RIL) is the highest ranked Indian firm in Forbes magazine’s ‘Global 2000’ list this year which sees the number of Indian companies in 2017 rising to 58 from last year’s 56.
  • Reliance Industries is followed by State Bank of India, the country’s largest lender, ranked 244 this year (149 last year), and state-run oil explorer ONGC ranked 246 (220 last year).
  • Four other Indian banks, which are all privately owned —
    HDFC Bank (258),
    ICICI Bank (310),
    Axis Bank (463) and
    Kotak Mahindra Bank (744)
    are among the top 20 Indian companies in the overall list.
Important for Exam?     

25 May, 17

World Economic Forum (WEF) launched UN Habitat Data of 10 most densly populated cities

  • According to World Economic Forum’s UN Habitat Data of 10 most densly populated cities, Dhaka, with 44500 people per square metre, is placed at first position.
  • Dhaka tops the list with 44500 people per sq km while Mumbai with 31700 ranks second in the list of 10 most densely populated cities in the world.
    The 10 most densely populated cities are
    1. Dhaka
    2. Mumbai
    3. Medellin
    4. Manila
    5. Casablanca
    6. Lagos
    7. Kota
    8. Abuja
    9. Singapore
    10. Jakarta
Important for Exam?     

18 May, 17

Railway station survey: Andhra’s Visakhapatnam cleanest, Bihar’s Darbhanga dirtiest

  • In a report released by Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu, Visakhapatnam railway station in Andhra Pradesh was rated the cleanest station among the 75 busiest stations in the country, followed by;
    1. Secunderabad,
    2. Jammu,
    3. Vijayawada and
    4. Anand Vihar railway stations.
  • The survey, conducted by the Quality Council of India, was based on criteria such as toilets on platforms, management of tracks and dustbins
Important for Exam?     

17 May, 17

Mount Lhotse records first summit in 3 years

  • According to reports Indian climber Debasish Biswas and a woman climber from New Zealand successfully climbed 8516 meter high Mt Lhotse on Tuesday after a team of Sherpas fixed the route to summit.
  • John Snorri Sigursson (Iceland) and Cian O Brolchain (Ireland) also climbed at Mt. Lhotse. John and Cian became the first mountaineer from their respective countries to summit Mt Lhotse.
Important for Exam?     

India ageing gradually; every 5th person to be 60+ by 2050: Report

  • India will transform gradually from young to a ‘greying’ country and by 2050 every 5th Indian will be in 60s as against every 12th at present.
  • Flagging the demographic transition, a PFRDA-CRISIL report said it is important that the development of the under-penetrated pension market in India be initiated now, when the situation is ripe.
  • As per the report, the population of people above 80 is likely to increase from 0.9 per cent to 2.8 per cent by 2050.
Important for Exam?     

15 May, 17

Kerala tops, Bihar last in public affairs index

  • Two South Indian States –
    1. Kerala and
    2. Tamil Nadu
    secured first and second rankings for the second year in a row while poll-bound Gujarat gained two positions rising from five in 2016 to three in 2017 in public affairs index (PAI) in governance in States.
  • Karnataka slipped from third position in 2016 to fourth in 2017 while Maharashtra stood fifth (4th in 2016) in governance indicators.
  • Punja was the best performer in essential infrastructure
  • The In human development;
    1. Kerala,
    2. Maharshtra, and
    3. Punjab
    are top of the table.
  • 1. Kerala,
    2. Assam and
    3. Madhya Pradesh
    secured top three ranks in implementation of social protection policies.
  • Tamil Nadu secured first rank in maintaining law and order.
  • Telangana is the best performer in fiscal management
Important for Exam?     

28 Apr, 17

Press freedom rankings: India slips 3 places to 136

  • India slipped three places in the 2017 world press freedom rankings to 136th among 180 countries.
  • In the index released on Wednesday, India was ranked just three places above Pakistan and was one notch below violence-torn Palestine. India’s neighbours Bhutan and Nepal were placed at 84th and 100th rank, respectively.
  • Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark took the first four positions in the rankings. The United States was at the 43rd position.

Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:

What is the rank of India in the 2017 world press freedom rankings? 
– 136.
Important for Exam?     

13 Apr, 17

Haldia Port Tops the List in The First Ever Ranking of Ports on Sanitation Parameters

  • For the first time ever, the twelve major ports under the Ministry of Shipping have been ranked on sanitation parameters, based on the efforts undertaken by them to counter waste generating sources with respect to;
    1. port operation,
    2. office area,
    3. township area and
    4. the response to incoming ships.
  • The assessment methodology included official interview, direct observation by the designated team from Quality Council of India and stakeholder’s interaction.
  •  The exercise was undertaken during the ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ observed from the 16th to 31st of March 2017.
  • Quality Council of India (QCI) was tasked to assess the Swachhata activities undertaken by all the Ports.
  • While Haldia and Vizag ports bagged the first and second ranks respectively, almost all ports have achieved the benchmark for cleanliness or are well above it.
  • The ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ was a major sanitation and cleanliness campaign launched by the Hon’ble Minister of Shipping, Sh. Nitin Gadakari on the 16th of March 2017 at the Shipping House in Mumbai, and observed by all the twelve major ports, five PSEs and seven attached offices/organizations of the Ministry of Shipping.
  • This was a culmination of one year of activities undertaken to promote the vision ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
Which Indian port has topped the list in the first ever ranking of ports on Sanitation Parameters, undertaken during the ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ observed from the 16th to 31st of March 2017?
 – Haldia Port. 
Important for Exam?     

9 Apr, 17

India ranks 9th among 41 countries in corruption in businesses: Survey

  • India ranks ninth among 41 countries in bribery and corrupt practices in businesses, according to the findings of a recent survey.
  • Nearly 78 per cent respondents queried in the country said that bribery and corrupt practices happen widely in businesses here, as per the EY Europe, Middle East, India and Africa (EMEIA) Fraud Survey 2017.
  • India ranks behind;
    Ukraine,
    Cyprus,
    Greece,
    Slovenia,
    Croatia,
    Kenya,
    South Africa and
    Hungary
    in the perception survey.
  • The ranking has improved marginally from the survey findings in 2015 when India was at the sixth position, owing to better regulatory scrutiny and emphasis on transparency and governance.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
India is ranked at which position among 41 countries in bribery and corrupt practices in businesses, as per the EY Europe, Middle East, India and Africa (EMEIA) Fraud Survey 2017?
– 9th.
Important for Exam?     

7 Apr, 17

India’s is the world’s 7th largest tourism economy in terms of GDP

  • India’s travel and tourism sector ranks 7th in the world in terms of its total contribution to the country’s GDP, according to a new report of the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC).
  • According to data, the travel and tourism sector generated Rs 14.1 trillion (USD208.9 billion) in 2016, which is world’s 7th largest in terms of absolute size; the sum is equivalent to 9.6% of India’s GDP.
  • Visitor exports, money spent by foreign travellers in India, only represents 12% of tourism revenues and in 2016 totalled Rs 1.5 trillion (USD22.8bn).
  • This is 5.4% of the country’s total exports, compared to a global average of 6.6%. Data from the UN World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) shows that India received only 9 million international arrivals in 2016, placing it at 40th place in the world; a tenth of those received by top-ranking France.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
India’s travel and tourism sector is ranked at which position in the world, according to a new report of the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)? 
– 7th. 
Important for Exam?     

5 Apr, 17

IISc ranked India’s top university in 2017 NIRF Survey

  • The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru was adjudged as the best Indian university in the 2017 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) released by Union Human Resource Development Ministry.
  • NIRF survey is a ranking framework for higher education institutions in the country. Parameters of ranking broadly cover;
    1. Teaching,
    2. Learning and Resources,
    3. Research and Professional practices,
    4. Graduation Outcomes,
    5. Outreach and inclusivity and
    6. Perception.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
Which Indian Institute was ranked as the best Indian university in the 2017 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) released by Union Human Resource Development Ministry? 
 – The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru. 
Important for Exam?     

4 Apr, 17

IISc India’s best educational institution in HRD ministry’s NIRF rankings

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore has emerged at the top of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) that rates Indian higher educational institutes on the basis of their performance.
  • The ranking based on six broad parameters;
    1. teaching,
    2. learning and resources (0.30 weightage);
    3. research and professional practices (0.30 weightage);
    4. graduation outcomes (0.20 weightage),
    5. outreach and inclusivity (0.10 weightage) &
    6. perception (0.10 weightage).
  • The second edition of the rankings, compiled by the ministry of human resource development, lists seven Indian Institutes of Technology among the top 10—
    1. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore
    2. Indian Institute of Technology Madras
    3. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
    4. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
    5. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
    6. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
    7. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
    8. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
    9.Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
    10. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
Which Indian Institute has emerged at the top of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) that rates Indian higher educational institutes on the basis of their performance? 
– Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore. 
Important for Exam?     

25 Mar, 17

India ranks 87th on energy architecture performance: WEF

  • India has marginally improved its position to 87th place on a global energy architecture performance index, but ranks among the worst for pollution.
  • Switzerland topped the annual list released by Geneva- based World Economic Forum (WEF) and was followed by ;
    Norway,
    Sweden,
    Denmark and
    France
    in the top five.
  • Indias rank improved three places from 90th last year.
  • According to the findings, the worlds biggest energy consumers struggle to take leading positions on the index as they grapple with inherent challenges of their large, complex energy systems and are outperformed by more nimble economies.
  • Bahrain is ranked the lowest at 127th.
  • The report, developed in collaboration with Accenture Strategy and launched today at the European Commission, ranked 127 countries based on their ability to provide energy across three dimensions of the energy triangle.
  • It has 18 indicators defined across the three sides of the energy triangle —
    1. economic growth and development,
    2. environmental sustainability, and
    3. energy access and security.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
India is ranked at which position on energy architecture performance on the annual list released by Geneva- based World Economic Forum? 
– 87th. 
Important for Exam?     

24 Mar, 17

India ranks 131 on Human Development Index

  • India came down by one slot and was ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • India fell under the “medium human development category” and its HDI, at 0.624, was behind ;
    1. Sri Lanka and
    2. The Maldives
    in South Asia.
  • Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105 respectively and figure in the “high human development” section.
  • The top three countries in HDI were ;
    Norway (0.949),
    Australia (0.939) and
    Switzerland (0.939).
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
India ranks at which position on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)? 
 – 131. 
Important for Exam?     

22 Mar, 17

Salman Khan tops Forbes India Celebrity rich list

  • Bollywood superstar Salman Khan has unseated his actor Shah Rukh Khan to become the top earning celebrity of 2016 in the Forbes India Celebrity 100 List with an estimated income of Rs. 270.33 crore.
  • The other leading names in the list include;
    1. Virat Kohli,
    2. Akshay Kumar and
    3. M S Dhoni chronologically.
  • However, the 50-year-old Salman is ranked at No 2 in terms of fame, which is topped by ace cricketer Kohli.
  • In the fifth rich 100 celeb list released by Forbes India, the ranking is based on two parameters:
    1. estimates of entertainment-related earnings and
    2. estimates of fame during the period October 2015 to September 2016.
  • SRK at No 2, has reportedly earned Rs. 221.75 crore and also comes at No 3 in terms of fame.
  • He lost his perch at the top in what was a mixed year for him both in terms of box office success and brands endorsed.
  • When it comes to fame ranking, test cricket captain Virat Kohli is the most popular celebrity and this has improved his earnings.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
Who topped the Forbes India Celebrity rich list of 2017? 
– Salman Khan. 
Important for Exam?     

Bill Gates tops Forbes richest list again, Mukesh Ambani leads India’s 101 billionaire club

  • India is home to world’s fourth highest number of billionaires with Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani leading the club of more than 100 super-rich Indians, according to a new list released by Forbes magazine.
  • The Forbes list of the World’s Billionaires 2017 consists of 2,043 of the richest people in the world who have a combined net worth of USD 7.67 trillion, a record 18 per cent increase over the past year.
  • The list has been topped by Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates for the fourth year in a row.
  • He has been the richest person in the world for 18 out of the past 23 years.
  • Mukesh Ambani Tops Forbes’ India Rich List of 101 Billionaires.
  • Next on the list of Indian billionaires is ArcelorMittal chairman and CEO Lakshmi Mittal on the 56th spot with a net worth of USD 16.4 billion.
  • The list includes only four women billionaires from India, led by Savitri Jindal and her family at the 303rd position, with a net worth of USD 5.2 billion.
  • The other Indians on the list are ;
    1. Azim Premji, Wipro (72)
    2. Gautam Adani, Adani Group (250)
    3. Narayana Murthy, Infosys (1161)
    4. Vivek Chand Burman, Dabur (1290)
    5. Nandan Nilekani, Infosys (1290)
    6. Rana Kapoor, Yes Bank (1795)
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
Who have topped the Forbes list of the World’s Billionaires 2017? 
– Bill Gates. 
Important for Exam?     

2 Indians in Forbes list of US’ richest under-40 entrepreneurs

  • Two Indian-origin men have figured in Forbes magazine’s second annual list of wealthiest entrepreneurs under the age of 40, which is topped by Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
    1. Biotech entrepreneur Vivek Ramaswamy has been ranked 24th on ‘America’s Richest Entrepreneurs Under 40 2016’ list with a networth of $600 million, and
    2. Instacart co-founder Apoorva Mehta, stands at the 31st spot with a $360-million networth.
  • Vivek Ramaswamy has been ranked 24th on ‘America’s Richest Entrepreneurs Under 40 2016’ list with a networth of $600 million
    Instacart co-founder Apoorva Mehta, stands at the 31st spot with a $360-million networth.
Quick Question for Bank PO/ IBPS Exams 2016-17:
How many Indian-origin men have figured in Forbes magazine’s second annual list of wealthiest entrepreneurs under the age of 40? 
– Two. 
Important for Exam?     
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