The Story of Village Palampur – Class 9 IX – Economics Social Science – Intext NCERT Solutions

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IN-TEXT QUESTIONS SOLVED

 

Q1. page 3.
• The following Table shows the land under cultivation in India in units of million hectares. Plot this on the graph provided. What does the graph show?Discuss in class.
• Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?

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Ans.

• The above graph shows that the land under cultivation in the year 1950 was 120 million hectares which increased in 1960 by 130 million hectares. It means the cultivated area has increased by 10 hectares. It further increased to 140 hectares in 1970 but it remained constant at 140 hectares in the coming decades – 1980, 1990 and 2000.
• Yes, it is important to increase the area under irrigation in order to increase production.


Q2.  page 5.
• What is the difference between multiple cropping and modern farming method?
• Table 1.2 shows the production of wheat and pulses in India after the Green Revolution in units of million tonnes. Plot this on a graph. Was the Green Revolution equally successful for both the crops ? Discuss.
• What is the working capital required by the farmer using modern farming methods?
• Modern farming methods require the farmer to start with more cash than before. Why?

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Ans. Multiple cropping is a method of cultivation to grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the year. On the other hand, modern farming method is used to increase the yield, whatever it may be.
• Students are suggested to plot this on a graph themselves.
No, the Green Revolution was not equally successful for both the crops. The yield of wheat was much greater than that of the yield of pulses. Thus, we can say that the revolution was good for wheat but not so good for pulses.
• HYV seeds, chemical fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation, electricity.
• Before modern farming methods were adopted, farmer didn’t need much money because they used cow-dung and other natural manure as fertilisers which were available with farmers who did not have to buy them. But cultivation using modern farming methods is highly costly.

Q3. page 7.
• Identify the work being done on the field in the pictures 1.6 and arrange them in proper sequence.

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Ans.
Anti-clockwise — Cutting of crops, spraying of insecticides, cultivation by traditional method, cultivation by modern method, sowing, ploughing by bullocks.
Arrangement in proper sequence:
Ploughing by bullocks, sowing, spraying of insecticides, cultivation by traditional method, cultivation by modern method, cutting of crops.

Q4. page 9.
• Why are farm labourers like Dala and Ramkali poor ?
• Gosaipur and Majauli are two villages in North Bihar. Out of a total of 850 households in the two villages, there are more than 250 men who are employed in rural Punjab and Haryana or in Delhi, Mumbai, Surat, Hyderabad or Nagpur. Such migration is common in most villages across India. Why do people migrate? Can you describe the work that the migrants of Gosaipur and Majauli might do at the place of destination?

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Ans. Farm labourers like Dala and Ramkali are poor because they have no land of their own. They work on daily wages and get only 35-40.
• People migrate to cities and towns in order to get better opportunities for earning livelihood. The migrants of Gosaipur and Majauli might do a variety of works such as richshaw pulling, selling household articles door to door, doing work at construction sites etc.


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