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Reasoning   ||    English

### REASONING

Directions (1-7) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various steps of rearrangement. (All the numbers are two digit numbers).

And Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained.
As per rules followed in the above steps, fmd out in each of the questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input :     vital      54      cards      72        help            24              wall            66       lamp       49

1. How many steps would be required to complete the rearrangement ?
(1) Eight
(2) Six
(3) Seven
(4) Nine
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:3
(1-7)
After careful analysis of the given input and various steps of re-arrangement, it is evident that in each step one number or a word get re-arranged. In the first step, the highest number moves to the extreme left position. In the second step the word which comes first in the dictionary moves to the second position from the left. These two steps are repeated alternately till all the numbers get rearranged in descending order and the words in alphabetical order.

1.
(3) Seven steps would be required to complete the rearrangement.

2. How many elements (words/ numbers) are there between “lamp” and “66” as they appear in Step V ?
(1) Five
(2) Six
(3) Four
(4) Seven
(5) Three

Solution:1
(1) There are five elements (help, 54, vital, 24, wall) between “66” and “lamp” in the Step V.

3. Which step number is the following output ?
72 cards 66 help 54 lamp vital 24 wall 49
(1) Step III
(2) Step IV
(3) Step V
(4) Step VI
(5) There is no such step

Solution:4
(4) This is Step VI.

4. Which word/number would be to the immediate right of the fourth element from the right end in Step III ?
(1) help
(2) wall
(3) 24
(4) lamp
(5) 54

Solution:2
(2) Fourth element from the right end in the Step III 24 Immediate to the right of “24” wall

5. In the final step “66” is related to “lamp” and “72” is related to “help” in a certain way, then “cards” is related to
(1) vital
(2) 66
(3) 49
(4) wall
(5) 54

Solution:5
(5) There are two elements between “66” and “lamp” in the final Step. Similarly, there are two elements between “72” and “help” in the final Step. So, “cards” would be related to “54”.

6. At what position of “wall” would come from the left end in the Step V?
(1) Ninth
(2) Eighth
(3) Sixth
(4) Seventh
(5) Fifth

Solution:2
(2) The element “wall” would come at the eighth position from the left end in the Step V.

7. Which word/number would be at the seventh position from the right end in the Step VI ?
(1) 54
(2) lamp
(3) cards
(4) help
(5) 66

Solution:4
(4) The element “help” would be at the seventh position from the right end in the Step VI.

8. What will come at the place of question-mark (?) in the following alphabetical series ?
AG       IN          PT          ?
(1) VZ
(2) VY
(3) WZ
(4) UX
(5) UY

Solution:2

9. What will come at the place of question-mark (?) in the following number series ?
1 2 3 4 1 2 5 3 4 1 2 5 6 3 4 1 2 5 6 ?
(1) 6
(2) 5
(3) 7
(4) 3
(5) 2

Solution:3

10. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group ?
(1) JN
(2) CG
(3) WZ
(4) LP
(5) PT

Solution:3

Directions (11-17) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W live on different floors in the same building having eight floors numbered one to eight (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, number 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 8).
There are only two floors between the floors on which P and R live. R lives on an odd numbered floor. There are four floors between the floors on which P and W live. T lives on a floor immediately above the floor on which U lives. There are only two floors between the floors on which V and S live. V lives on a floor above the floor of S. Q does not live on a floor immediately above or immediately below the floor on which R lives.

11. On which of the following floors does Q live ?
(1) Fifth
(2) Third
(3) Second
(4) Fourth
(5) Sixth

Solution:3

11.
(3) Q lives on the floor number 2.

12. Who amongst the following live on the floors exactly between S and R ?
(1)V, W and Q
(2) V, U and W
(3) U, V and Q
(4) T, U and Q
(5) U, Q and W

Solution:1
(1) V, W and Q live on floors exactly between the floors of S and It

13. Who amongst the following live on the odd numbered floor’s excluding R ?
(1)U, W and S
(2) Q, V and U
(3) U, T and S
(4) T, W and S
(5) None of these

Solution:4

14. Who amongst the following lives on the topmost floor ?
(1) T
(2) P
(3) V
(4) Q
(5) W

Solution:2
(2) P lives on the topmost floor.

15. On which of the following floors does R live ?
(I) Fifth
(2) First
(3) Seventh
(4) Third
(5) Either third or fifth

Solution:1
(1) R lives on the floor number 5.

16. How many persons live between the floors of T and Q ?
(1) Five
(2) Three
(3) Two
(4) Either three or four
(5) Four

Solution:5
(5) Four persons – U, R, V and W – live between the floors of T and Q.

17. Who amongst the following live on the floor immediately above the floor of W ?
(1) U
(2) R
(3) V
(4) T
(5) None of these

Solution:3
(3) V lives on the floor immediately above the floor of W.

18. In a certain code language INSTEAD is written as HMRUFBE and PHRASED is written as OGQBTFE. How will DOUBLES be written in the same code language ?
(1) CNTAMFT
(2) EPVAMFT
(3) EVPCKDR
(4) CNTCMFT
(5) CNTCKDR

Solution:4

19. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group ?
(1) Frsg
(2) UYXV
(3) INMJ
(4) KONL
(5) DHGE

Solution:3

Directions (20-25) : In these questions relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
Give answer (1) if only Conclusion I is true.
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (5) if both Conclusions I and H are true.
(20-21) :
Statements
0 = L = T > S; L > I; T = Z

20. Conclusions
I. I < 0
II.  Z > S

Solution:5

21. Conclusions
I. Z > I
II. S < I

Solution:1

22. Statements
G = K = 0 = U > P < S
Conclusions
I. G = U
II. S > 0

Solution:4

23. Statements
A = L < P = B; P = M
Conclusions
I. B = M
II. A > M

Solution:1

(24-25) :
Statements
I = M = P > R; B < P = A

24. Conclusions
I. A < I
II. I = A

Solution:3

25. Conclusions
I. A = R
II. B < I

Solution:2

Directions (26-31) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
In a certain code language,
(i) “simple game no rules” is written as “ro sa bi ka”.
(ii) “no game played now” is written as “ka za bi te”.
(iii) “why no rules given” is written as “ro fo ce ka”.
(iv) “now we were given” is written as “ge te fo li”.

26. What is the code for “now” ?
(1) fo
(2) te
(3) ge
(4) ka
(5) li

Solution:2

26.
(2) now ⇒ to

27. What is the code for “game” ?
(1) za
(2) sa
(3) ro
(4) bi
(5) ka

Solution:4
(4) game ⇒ bi

28. Which of the following is coded as ‘ce’ ?
(1) why
(2) no
(3) rules
(4) given
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:1
(1) ce ⇒ why

29. What is the code for “rules” ?
(1) fo
(2) sa
(3) ro
(4) ka
(5) bi

Solution:3
(3) rules ⇒ ro

30. Which of the following is coded as ‘fo’ ?
(1) why
(2) given
(3) we
(4) rules
(5) were

Solution:2
(2) fo ⇒  given

1. Which of the following represents “we played simple” ?
(1) ge sa za
(2) za sa li
(3) te sa bi
(4) li za ro
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:5
(5) we ‘ge’ or ’11’ played za simple ⇒ sa

2. If it is possible to make only one meaningful English word with the second, the fifth, the seventh and the ninth letters of the word SUBSTANTIAL, which of the following will be the second letter of that word ? If no such word can be formed, give ‘#’ as the answer and if more than one such word can be formed, give ‘@’ as the anwer.
(1) U
(2) T
(3) N
(4) #
(5) @

Solution:3

3. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word CHARGED, each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabetical series (in both forward and backward directions) ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three

Solution:4

4. Each consonant in the word BLARING is replaced with the previous letter and each vowel is replaced with next letter in the English alphabetical series and the new letters are rearranged alphabetically. Which of the following will be the third letter from the right end ?
(1)K
(2) B
(3) M
(4) J
(5) F

Solution:1

5. B is 7 metres away in the north of A. A moves 9 metres towards east from the starting point, takes a right turn and walks 2 metres, then takes a left turn and moves 1 metre and finally he takes a left turn and moves 9 metres. Now, how far and in which direction is A from the B?
(1) 5 metres East
(2) 10 metres West
(3) 5 metres West
(4) 10 metres East
(5) None of these

Solution:4

Directions (36-40) : In each question below are two or three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Give answer (1) if only conclusion I follows.
Give answer (2) if only conclusion II follows.
Give answer (3) : if either conclusion I or II follows.
Give answer (4) if neither conclusion I or II follows.
Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and II follow.
(36-37) :
Statements :
All crops are fields.
No yield is a field.
All fields are harvests.

6. Conclusions :
I. No field is a crop.
II. All crops being harvest is a possibility.

Solution:2

7. Conclusions :
I. All harvests being yield is a possibility.
II. All harvests are fields.

Solution:4

8. Statements :
Conclusions :
I. At least some businesses are exports.
II. All businesses being exports is a possibility.

Solution:4

(39-40) :
Statements :
Some countries are towns.
All countries are districts.
All districts are villages.

9. Conclusions :
I. At least some towns are villages.
II. All countries are villages.

Solution:5

10. Conclusions :
I. At least some districts are towns.
II. All towns are villages.

Solution:1

Directions (41-47) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Seven persons — I, J, K, L, M, N and 0 — are sitting in a circle at equidistance but not necessarily in the same order. Some of them are facing towards the centre and some are facing outside the centre. 0 is facing outside. J sits second to the right of 0. N is sitting second to the left of P. P is not an immediate neighbour of J or 0. N is not an immediate neighbour of J. The immediate neighbour of K faces towards the centre. K and P face the same direction. I is sitting second to the right of N. The immediate neighbour of M faces outside. I and M face the same direction as that of J.

11. Who amongst the following are not facing the centre ?
(1) K, N, 0 and J
(2) I, M, J and P
(3) J, M, I, 0 and N
(4) P, K, 0 and N
(5) None of these

Solution:3

41.
(3)P and K face the centre while N, 0, I, J and M face outward.

12. Which of the following is the J’s position with respect to N ?
(1) Third to the right
(2) Fourth to the right
(3) Third to the left
(4) Second to the left
(5) Fifth to the left

Solution:1
(1) J is third to right of N. J is fourth to left of N.

13. Which of the following is the K’s position with respect to M ?
(1) Third to the left
(2) Third to the right
(3) Fourth to the left
(4) Second to the right
(5) None of these

Solution:4
(4) K is second to the right and fifth to the left of M.

14. Who among the following is sitting exactly between M and K?
(1) N
(2) P
(3) 0
(4) I
(5) J

Solution:2
(2) P is sitting exactly between M and K.

15. Which of the following is the P’s position with respect to J ?
(1) Third to the right
(2) Fourth to the left
(3) Fourth to the right
(4) Third to the left
(5) fifth to the left

Solution:5
(5) P is second to the right and fifth to the left of J.

16. How many persons are sitting between M and 0 if we move clockwise starting from M ?
(1) None
(2) Two
(3) Three
(4) One
(5) Four

Solution:3
(3) Three persons – P, K and N – are sitting between M and 0 if we move clockwise from M.

17. Which of the following statements is true regarding the seating arrangement ?
( 1) There are only two persons seated between K and I
(2) M, K and I are seated adjacent
(3) N, P and J are seated adjacent
(4) Three persons are facing the centre
(5) One of the neighbours of I is K

Solution:1
(1) N and 0 are seated between K and I. Only two persons, P and K are facing the centre. J and 0 are neighbours of I.

18. Statement : Many major auto makers will increase the prices of their vehicles by 7 per cent from next month, mainly to offset higher input and operational costs.
Which of the following arguments would weaken the facts given in the statement ?
( 1) The largest auto maker in the country, Verontee had failed to make any profit when prices for its vehicles were increased by almost 4 per cent
(2) Operational and input costs continue to be 85 per cent of the total costs of the vehicles
(3) Both input and operational costs were gradually increased by the government to avoid sudden transit losses to the companies
(4) At any given time, a price rise of more than 5 per cent definitely leads to substantial decrease in sales of the vehicles
(5) Rather than increasing profit, 7 per cent price rise would bring it at the same level which existed before the rise in input/operational costs.

Solution:4
(4) Obviously, option (4) would weaken the facts given in the statement. If sales will come down, how profit will increase.

Directions (49-50) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Four Management Institutes have decided to conduct a Common Admission Test for selecting suitable candidates for the new session.

19. Which of the following can be possible consequence(s) of this decision ?
(A) The aspirants would take only one test in a year.
(B) The Common Admission Test would save the application fee.
(C) Now the aspirants will have only one attempt to prove themselves.
(D) Only the top most Institue will receive more number of applications if aspirants fill up different forms.
(E) A large number of aspirants would be selected as there are more Institutes to accommodate them.
(F) It is not possible to allot Institutes to the selected candidates as per their preferences.
(1) Only (B), (C) and (F)
(2) Only (A), (C) and (F)
(3) Only (A), (B) and (E)
(4) Only (C), (E) and (F)
(5) Only (B), (C) and (D)

Solution:3
(3) Only statements (A), (B) and (E) can be the possible consequences of the decision.

20. Which of the following can be the probable cause for this decision ?
(A) To select the most suitable candidates
(B) To streamline the selection process
(C) To concede the demands of aspirants
(1) Only (A) and (B)
(2) Only (B) and (C)
(3) Only (C)
(4) Only (A) and (C)
(5) All (A), (B) and (C)

Solution:1
(1) Only statements (A) and (B) can be the probable causes of the decision.

Directions (51-55) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and
Give answer (1) if the data in Statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (2) if the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (3) if the data in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if the data in both the Statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (5) if the data in both the Statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

21. How is H related to B ?
I. His married to P. Pis the mother of T. T is married to D. D is the father of B.
II. B is the daughter of T. T is the sister of N. H is the father of N.

Solution:3
(3) From statement I P is the wife of H. P is the mother of T. H is the father of T. T is the wife of D.
T is the mother of B.
Therefore, H is the grandfather of B.
From statement II
H is the father of T and N.
B is the daughter of T. Therefore, His the grandfather of B.

22. Among five persons D, E, F, G and H, each of whom having different height, who is the second tallest ?
I. D is taller than only G and E. F is not the tallest.
II. H is taller than F. G is taller than E but shorter than D.

Solution:1

23. In which direction is J with respect to R ?
I. R is to the west of P. P is to the south of G. J is to the west of G. When R, P, G and J are joined by straight lines, a square is formed.
II. K is to the south of J. His to the east of K. R is to the north-west of H. When R, K and H are joined by straight lines, a right angled triangle is formed.

Solution:3

24. What is the position of K from
the right end in a row ?
I. There are even number of students in the row. There are not more than 11 students in the row.
II. C stands at the extreme left end of the line. There are five students between C and B. 0 is third to the right of B. K is not at the extreme end. There is only one student between 0 and K.

Solution:2
(2) From statement I The number of students may be 4, 6, 8 or 10.

25. On which day of the week did Arvind visit Mumbai ?
I. Arvind visited Mumbai after Monday but before Thursday but not on an odd day of the week.
II. Arvind visited Mumbai before Friday but after Monday.

Solution:1
(1) From statement I Arvind visited Mumbai on Tuesday or Wednesday. Wednesday is an odd day. Therefore, Arvind visited Mumbai on Tuesday.
From statement II Arvind visited Mumbai on Tuesday or Wednesday or Thursday.

Directions (56-59) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
In a certain code language :
“can we skip” is written as “& 4 2”.
“we skip this” is written as “\$ & 2”.
“that was part” is written as “9 3 5”.
“skip that part” is written as ” 3 & 9″.

26. What is the code for ‘that’ ?
(1)3
(2)9
(3) 5
(4) &
(5) Either 3 or 9

Solution:5

27. Which of the following representes ‘we skip this’ ?
(1) 3 & 4
(2)5  2  4
(3) \$ 2 &
(4) & 2 3
(5) None of these

Solution:3

28. What is the code for ‘skip’ ?
(1) &
(2) \$
(3)4
(4)2
(5) 9

Solution:1

29. Which of the following represents ‘can skip that part’ ?
(1) 2 & 4 9
(2) 3 4 9  &
(3) 3 5 & 2
(4) 2 & 9 3
(5) 5 3 \$ 9

Solution:2

Directions (60-65) : Study the following information carefully and anaswer the questions given below :
Eight persons — P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W – are standing in a straight line at equidistance. Some of them are facing North while some others are facing South. R is third to the left of W. W is facing North.
T is third to the right of W. S is second to the left of Q. Q is not an immediate neighbour of W or R. Both the immediate neighbours of P face South. The immediate neighbour of V faces opposite direction. Immediate neighbours of U face opposite direction (If U is facing North, immediate neighbour of
U face South and vice-versa). V faces just opposite of Q. U is not an immediate neighbour of P and faces opposite direction with respect to that of P (If U faces South P faces North and vice-vera). T faces the same direction as that of V.

30. Who among the following are facing North ?
(1) P, V, W and Q
(2) R, W, U and Q
(3) U, S, T and Q
(4) P, W, S and Q
(5) None of these

Solution:4

31. Who among the following is to immediate left of S ?
(1) U
(2) T
(3) V
(4) W
(5) None of these

Solution:1

32. How many persons are there between P and U ?
(1) Three
(2) Four
(3) Two
(4) One
(5) There is no person

Solution:3

33. Who among the following are standing on the extreme ends of the line ?
(1) P and Q
(2) R and Q
(3) U and R
(4) R and S
(5) None of these

Solution:2

34. Who among the following is third to the right of U ?
(1) P
(2) V
(3) R
(4) Q
(5) None of these

Solution:1

35. Who among the following are the immediate neighbours of V?
(1) R and W
(2) P and U
(3) R and S
(4) P and W
(5) None of these

Solution:4

Directions (66-70) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Eight persons — P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and Z – are going to the four destinations viz, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata and they represent four different departments viz., Human Resources, Sales, Finance and Marketing but not necessarily in the same order. At least two persons belong to the same department and at least two of them visit the same destination.
P belongs to the Finance Department and he visits the same city as that of V. V does not belong to the Finance, Marketing or Human Resources Department. V does not visit Kolkata or Mumbai. R visits Chennai and belongs to the Human Resources Department. The person who belongs to the Finance Department other than P visits Chennai. Q and V belongs to the same Department. U visits Mumbai and he does not belong to Sales and Marketing Department. The two persons who belong to the Marketing Department visit Kolkata. S does not belong to the Marketing Department.

36. Which of the following combinations of Person – City – Destination is correct ?
(1) P – Mumbai – Finance
(2) R- Chennai – Human Resources
(3) T – Kolkata – Marketing
(4) S – Chennai – Sales
(5) U – Delhi – Marketing

Solution:2

66.
(2)The combination R Chennai – Human Resources is correct.

37. Which of the following two persons visit Mumbai ?
(1) Q and V
(2) R and S
(3) Q and S
(4) R and U
(5) Q and U

Solution:5
(5) Q and U visit Mumbai.

38. T belongs to which department?
(1) Marketing
(2) Sales
(3) Human Resources
(4) Finance
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:1
(1) T belongs to the Marketing Department.

39. Who among the following belongs to the Sales Department?
(1) Q and Z
(2) R and V
(3) Q and V
(4) R and Z
(5) U and Z

Solution:3
(3) Q and V belong to the Sales Department.

40. Which of the following cities is visited by S ?
(1) Mumbai
(2) Kolkata
(3) Delhi
(4) Chermai
(5) Either Chennai or Delhi