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Reasoning  ||  Quantitative Aptitude  ||  English

## REASONING

Directions (1-5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :

Eight friends — C, D, E, F, N, o, P and Q — are sitting in a straight line facing north but not necessarily in the same order. 0 is sitting second to the right of P. E is sitting third to the left of Q. F is sitting fourth to the left of P. E does not sit on the extreme end of the line. D is immediate neighbour of neither F nor P. C is not an immediate neighbour of P.

1.  Which of the following pairs represents the two persons sitting at the extreme ends of the line ?
(1) F, C
(2) D, F
(3) C, Q
(4) N, D
(5) O, F

Solution : 2
(1-2)

(2) D and F are sitting at the extreme ends of the line,

2.  Which of the following statements is definitely true as per the given arrangement ?
(1) F and E are immediate neighbours of P.
(2) C is sitting third to the right of Q.
(3) There are only three persons between D and E.
(4) N is sitting to the immediate left of P.
(5) All the given statements are true

Solution : 4
(4) N and Q are immediate neighbours of P.
C is sitting fourth to the Ieft of Q.
There are four persons between D and E.

3. Who among the following is sitting third to the right of N ?
(1) O
(2) D
(3) C
(4) E
(5) Q

Solution : 1
(1) 0 is sitting third to the right of N.

4. What is the position of C with respect to Q ?
(1) Fourth to the right
(2) Third to the right
(3) Fourth to the left
(4) Third to the left
(5) Second to the right

Solution :3
(3) C is sitting fourth to the left of Q.

5. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and hence they form a group. Which one of the following does not belong to that group ?
(1) FN
(2) PD
(3) EQ
(4) CP
(5) NQ

Solution : 5
(5) Except in the pair NQ, in all others there are two persons between the given pair of persons.

Directions (6-8) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
S is the daughter of U. V has only two children- S and Y. Y is married to D. P is the brother of B. V has only two daughters. J is the mother of U. J is married to L P is married to S. V is the son of T.

6. Who among the following is the sister-in-law of B ?
(1) Y
(2) S
(3) U
(4) J
(5) T

Solution : 2
(6-9) :
S is the daughter of U and V.
Y is also daughter of U and V.
Y is the wife of D.
P is the husband of S.
S is the sister-in-law of B.
V is the husband of U.
L is the husband of J.
L is the father of U.
6.
(2) S is the sister-in-law of B.

7. Who among the following is the father of U ?
(1) J
(2) T
(3) V
(4) L
(5) None of these

Solution : 4
(4) L is the father of U.

8. How is V related to P ?
(1) Father-in-law
(2) Mother-in-law
(3) Father
(4) Mother
(5) Brother

Solution : 1
(1) P is the husband of S. V is the father of S.
Therefore, V is the father-in-law of P.

9. Point A is 30 metres to the east of point B. Point C is 10 metres to the south of Point A. Point D is 15 metres to the west of Point C. Point E is exactly in the middle of the Points D and F. Points D, E and F lie in a straight line. The length of the line DEF is 20 metres. Point F is to the north of Point D. Point G is 15 metres to the east of Point F. How far and in which direction is Point G from Point A ?
(1) 10 metres, South
(2) 15 metres. North
(3) 10 metres, North
(4) 15 metres, South
(5) 10 metres, East

Solution : 3
(3)

10. A person starts from his house and moves towards the market. He walks 40 metres towards south and takes a right turn. After walking 30 metres he takes a left turn and walks 20 metres. Finally he takes a left turn and reach the market after walking 30 metres. How far and in which direction is his house from the market ?
(1) 60 metres, South
(2) 60 metres, North
(3) 70 metres. North
(4) 70 metres, South
(5) 90 metres, North

Solution : 2
(2)

Directions (11-15) : In each question given below two or three statements followed by two Conclusions numbered I and II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the following Conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Give answer (1) if only Conclusion I follows
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II follows
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or Conclusion II follows
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion H follows
Give answer (5) if both the Conclusions I and II follow
(11-12) : Statements
All magazines are journals.
Some journals are periodicals.
All periodicals are bulleteins.

11.  Conclusions
I. Some periodicals are definitely not journals.
II. All periodicals being magazines is a possibility.

Solution : 2
(11-15)

(11-12)

11.

12. Conclusions
I. At least some bulleteins are journals.
II. No bulletein is a magazine.

Solution : 1
(1) Conclusion I is the Converse of Conclusion (P).

13. Statements
All turns are loops.
No loop is a bend.
Some bends are curves.
Conclusions
I. At least some curves are loops.
II. No bend is a turn.

Solution : 2

14. Statements
No country is a village.
All villages are districts.
Conclusions
I. All countries are districts.
II. All districts are villages.

Solution : 4

15. Statements
All progress are growth.
All developments are growth.
No growth is an evolution.
Conclusions
I. All developments being progress is a possibility.
II. No evolution is a progress.

Solution : 5

This diagram suggests that all developments being progress is a possibility.

Directions (16-20) : In each of the following questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two Conclusions numbered I and II. Study the Conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer :
Give answer (1) if only Conclusion I is true.
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II is true
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or Conclusion II is true
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion II is true
Give answer (5) if both the Conclusions I and II are true.
(16-17) : Statements
Y = K < D = S : D < V < O ; G = D < Q

16.  Conclusions
I. G > V
II. Y < Q

Solution : 2
(16-17)

16.

17.  Conclusions
I. K < O
II. G = V

Solution : 1

18.  Statements
D < L = F = N ; L = A
Conclusions
I. N > D
II. A = F

Solution : 5

(19-20) : Statements
B > Z = R = M < J = H ; J > P ; K < Z

19. Conclusions
I. H < P
II. B > M

Solution : 2
(19-20)

19.

20. Conclusions
I. K < J
II. R = H

Solution : 4

Directions (21-25) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
In a certain code language,
‘good time to buy is written as ‘sy bo nj kw’.
‘invest money and time’ is written as `sy ta ge mr’.
‘only work and money’ is written as ‘ta fp mr ux’.
‘buy good stuff only’ is written as ‘kw bo rd fp’.

21. What is the code for “to” in the given code language ?
(1) ge
(2) kw
(3) nj
(4) sy
(5) bo

Solution : 3
(21-25)

21.

22.  What is the code for “buy good” in the given code language ?
(1) bo kw
(2) kw nj
(3) rd bo
(4) rd nj
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution : 1

23. What is the code for “only time and money” in the given code language ?
(1) sy bo ux fp
(2) fp ta rd kw
(3) ge fp ta bo
(4) mr ta sy fp
(5) bo nj ta ge

Solution : 4

24.  What is the code for “stuff’ in the given code language ?
(1) ip
(2) rci
(3) kw
(4) bo
(5) Either ‘bo’ or ‘rd’

Solution : 2

25. What is the code for “invest time to work” in the given code language ?
(1) sy bo mr fp
(2) ta nj kw rd
(3) ta fp ux nj
(4) mr sy bo ta
(5) ux ge nj sy

Solution : 5

Directions (26-30): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Eight persons — M, N, o, P, S and T — are sitting around a circular table at equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. Some of them are facing the centre while some others are facing outside (i.e., in a direction opposite to the centre)
Note : Facing the same direction means if one faces the centre then the other also faces the centre and vice-versa. Facing opposite directions means if one person faces the centre then the other person faces outside and vice-versa.
R is sitting second to the right of Q. Only three persons are sitting between R and S. T is sitting second to the right of R. T faces the centre. R and S face opposite directions. P and S face opposite directions. N is sitting second to the left of P. P is not an immediate neighbour of Q. Only one person is sitting between P and 0. 0 is not an immediate neighbour of Q. M is sitting third to the left of T. The immediate neighbours of T face opposite directions. M and R face opposite directions. N faces the same direction as that of 0.

26.  Which of the following statements is true regarding T according to the given seating arrangement ?
(1) T is sitting second to the left of S.
(2) T is sitting exactly between o and P.
(3) T is sitting just opposite to N.
(4) There are four persons between T and Q.
(5) T faces the opposite direction as that of M.

Solution : 2
(26-30)

(2) S faces the centre. T is sitting second to the right of S. T is sitting just opposite to Q. There are only three persons between T and Q.
T and M face the same direction, 1.e, towards the centre .

27. How many persons in the given seating arrangement face outside ?
(1) Three
(2) Four
(3) Five
(4) Six
(5) Two

Solution : 1
(1) Three persons – P. Q and R – face outside, i.e., opposite to the centre.

28. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and hence they form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(1) O
(2) S
(3) M
(4) Q
(5) N

Solution : 4
(4) Except Q, all others face towards the centre.

29.  Who among the following sits exactly between S and Q when counted from the left of S ?
(1) None
(2) O
(3) M
(4) N
(5) T

Solution : 3
(3) M sits exactly between S and Q when counted from the left of S.

30. What is the position of M with respect to R ?
(1) Other than those given as options
(2) Third to the right
(3) Second to the left
(4) Second to the right
(5) Thira to the left

Solution : 5
(5) R faces outside, i.e., opposite to the centre. M is sitting third to the left of R.

Directions (31-35) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Seven persons – M, N, O, P, Q, R and S – live on separate floors of a seven-storeyed building, but not necessarily in the same order. The ground floor of the building is numbered 1, the floor above it 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each person likes diffemt cartoon characters, viz, Chipmnuk, Flinstone, Jetson, Popeye, Scooby Doo, Simpson and Tweety, but not necessarily in the same order.
The person who likes Popeye lives on floor numbered 4. Only two persons live between P and the one who likes Popeye. M does not live on the lowermost floor. M lives on any odd numbered floor below the one who likes Popeye. S lives on an  even numbered floor but neither immediately above nor immediately below the floor of M. Only two persons live between M and the person who likes Tweety. Only one person lives between N and R. R lives on an even numbered floor and does not like Popeye. Only three persons live between the persons who like Chipmnuk and Jetson respectively. The person who likes Chipmnuk live on any floor above the N’s floor. The person who likes Chipmanuk does not live on the topmost floor. O does not like Chipmnuk or Jet-son. The person who likes Scooby Doo lives on the floor immediately above the floor of the perosn who likes Simpson.

31.  How many persons live between the floors on which S and P live ?
(1) Three
(2) Two
(3) Four
(4) Five
(5) No One

Solution : 3
(31-35)

(3) Four persons — Q, N, M and R — live between the floors of S and P.

32. Which of the following statements is/are true according to the given information?
(1) Q lives on floor numbered 5 and he does not like Pop-eye
(2) M likes Scooby Doo and he does not live on floor numbered 4.
(3) O likes Flinstone and he lives on the topmost floor
(4) Only two persons live between the floors of Q and R
(5) All the statements are true

Solution : 5
(5) All the statements are true.

33.  Who among the following lives on the floor immediately above the floor of M ?
(1) N
(2) R
(3) S
(4) O
(5) No One

Solution : 1
(1) N lives on the floor immediately above the floor on which M lives.

34. Who among the following lives exactly between the floors on which S and N live ?
(1) P
(2) R
(3) M
(4) Q
(5) No one

Solution : 4
(4) Q lives exactly between the floors on which S and N live.

35. Who among the followimg does like cartoon character Jetson ?
(1) R
(2) P
(3) N
(4) Q
(5) S