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Reasoning  ||  Quantitative Aptitude  ||  English

### REASONING

Directions (01 – 05) : In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer.

(1) If either conclusion I or II is true
(2) If both conclusions I and II are true
(3) If only conclusion I is true
(4) If only conclusion II is true
(5) If neither conclusion I nor II is true

1. Statement :
C ≥ D > E = M < J =  L
Conclusions :
I. L > E
II. C ≥ J

Solution : 3
Statement : C ≥ D > E = M < J = L
Conclusions :
I. L > E   →   True
II. C ≥ J  →   False

2. Statement :
P = N ≤ Q > R > T = S
Conclusions :
I. N ≥ S
II. P ≤ Q

Solution : 4
Statement : P = N ≤ Q > R > T = S
Conclusions :
I. N ≥ S   →  False
II. P ≤ Q   →  True

3. Statement :
J ≥ P = I ≥ M < T ≥ V > H
Conclusions :
I. M ≤ J
II. H ≤ M

Solution :  3
Statement : J  ≥ P = I ≥ T  ≥ V > H
Conclusions :
I. M ≤ I     →   True
II. H ≤ M  →  False

4. Statement :
Q ≤ X ≤ E > F = D < O < K = G
Conclusions :
I. D > Q
II. K ≤ E

Solution :  5
Statement:
Q ≤  X ≤ E > F = D < O < K = G
Conclusions :
I. D > Q    →   False
II. K ≤ E   →   False

5. Statements :
Q ≤ X ≤ E > F = D < O < K = G
Conclusions :
I. Q ≤ E
II. G > F

Solution : 2
Statement:
Q ≤ X  ≤ E > F = D < O < K = G
Conclusions :
I. Q ≤  E      →      True
II. G > F      →      True

Directions (6-10) : The following questions are based on the five three – digit numbers given below :
684 512  437  385  296

6. If 2 is added to the first digit of each of the numbers how many numbers thus formed will be divisible by three ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) None of these

Solution : 1
On adding 2 to the first digit of each number
684  ⇒  884
512   ⇒  712
437  ⇒ 637
385  ⇒  585
296  ⇒  496

7. If all the digits in each of the numbers are arranged in descending order within the number, which of the following will be the highest number in the new arrangement of numbers ?
(1) 684
(2) 385
(3) 296
(4) 437
(5) None of these

Solution : 3
On arranging all the digits in descending order within the each of the number
684 ⇒  864
512  ⇒ 521
437  ⇒ 743
385  ⇒ 853
296 ⇒ 962

8. What will be the resultant number if the second digit of the second lowest number is divided by the third digit of the highest number ?
(1) 2
(2) 3
(3) 0
(4) 1
(5) 4

Solution :  1
Highest number = 684
Second lowest number = 385
Required number =  $= {8 \over 4} = 2$

9. If 1 is added to the first digit and 2 is added to the last digit of each of the numbers then which of the following numbers will be the second highest number ?
(1) 385
(2) 684
(3) 437
(4) 296
(5) 512

Solution :  5
On adding 1 to the first digit and on adding 2 to the last digit
684 ⇒ 786
512 ⇒ 614
437 ⇒ 539
385 ⇒ 487
296 ⇒ 398

10. If in each number the first and the second digits are interchanged then which will be the highest number ?
(1)296
(2) 512
(3) 437
(4) 684
(5) 385

Solution :   1
On interchanging the first and second digit in each number
684 ⇒ 864
512 ⇒ 152
437 ⇒ 347
385 ⇒ 835
296 ⇒ 926

Directions (11-15) : Study the following information 87. carefully to answer the questions
W %   9 3   G 6 H  #  7  K  $L 2 ? B M J © 4 5 E 8 @ Z 11. If all the numbers are deleted from the above arrangement then which of the following will be seventh to the left of sixth from the right ? (1) H (2) J (3) M (4)$
(5) None of these

Solution :  1
On deleting all the numbers from the given arrangement

13. ‘9W’ is to GH#’ and ‘$7′ is to 2BM’ in the same way as ‘4J’ is to in the arrangement. by a letter ? (1) None (2) One (3) Two (4) Three (5) None of these ### Show Answer Solution : 5 As, 9 W = G H #$ 7 = 2 B M
Similarly,
4 J = E @ Z

14. How many such symbols are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately followed by a letter ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) None of these

Solution :  5
W % 9 3 G 6 H # 7 K \$ L 2 « B M J © 4 5 E 8  @ Z

15. If all the symbols are deleted from the above arrangement then which of the following will be the fourth to the left of twelth from the right ?
(1) 9
(2) 3
(3) W
(4) M
(5) None of these

Solution : 2
On deleting all the symbols from the given arrangement
W 9 3 G 6 H 7 K L 2 B M J 4 5  E 8 Z

Directions (16-20) : Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.
Eight friends— A, B, C, D E, F, G and H are sitting around a circle facing the center. A sits third to the left of B, while second to the right of F. D does not sit next to A or B. C and G always sit next to each other. H never sits next to D and C does not sit next to B.

16. Which of the following pairs sits between H and E ?
(1) F, D
(2) H, B
(3) C, G
(4) E, G
(5) None of these

Q.No. 16-20
Solution : 1

17. Starting from A’s position, if all the eight were arranged in alphabetical order in clockwise direction the seating position of how many members (excluding A) not change ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) None of these

Solution : 4

18. Which of the following pairs has only one person sitting between them, if the counting is done in clockwise direction ?
(1) A, B
(2). C, D
(3) F, E
(4) G, H
(5) None of these

Solution : 3

19. Who sits to the immediate right of E ?
(1) A
(2) D
(3) F
(4) H
(5) None of these

Solution : 2

20. What is the position of B with respect to C ?
(1) Second to the left
(2) Third to the right
(3) Third to the left
(4) Can’t be determined
(5) None of the above

Solution : 5

21. In a certain code language SERIES is written as QCGTGU. How is EXPERT written in that code language ?
(1) VTGRZG
(2) RPCRZG
(3) GZRCPR
(4) RPCGZR
(5) None of these

Solution : 2

22. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word COMPOSE each of which has many letters between them in the word as they have between them in the English alphabetical series ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) None of these

Solution : 4

Directions (23-25) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
In a certain code
‘all Aspirants must qualify’ is written as na li ja pa’, qualify in all subjects’ is written as ta ja li ra’. Aspirants read all subjects’ is written as ‘sa li na ra’.

23. What does li’ stand for ?
(1) subject
(2) qualify
(3) must
(4) all
(5) None of these

Q. No. 23-25
Solution : 4

24. What will be the code for la na’ ?
(1) Must qualify
(2) Aspirants subjects
(3) qualify subjects
(4) Can’t be determined
(5) None of the above

Solution : 5

25. What will be the code for ‘qualify’ ?
(1) li
(2) sa
(3) ja
(4) pa
(5) Can’t be determined

Solution : 3

Directions (26-30) : Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.
A vehicle starts from point P and run 10 km towards North. It takes a right turn and runs 15 km. Now it runs 6 km after taking a left turn. Finally, it takes a left turn, runs 15 km and stops at point Q.

26. How far is point Q with respect to point P ?
(1) 16 km
(2) 25 km
(3) 4 km
(4) 0 km
(5) None of these

Q. No. 26-27
Solution : 1

27. Towards which direction was the vehicle moving before it stopped at point Q ?
(1) North
(2) East
(3) South
(4) West
(5) North – West

Solution : 4

28. The position of how many digits in the number 54327618 will remain unchanged if the digits within the number are written in ascending order from left to right ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) None of these

Solution : 4
Given Order   → 5 4  3  2  7  6  1  8
In ascending  → 1 2  3  4  5  6  7  8
order

29. In a row of 34 students, W is fifth after X from the front and X is 20th from the back. What is the 96. position of W from the front ?
(1) 20
(2) 25
(3) 30
(4) 22
(5) None of these

Solution : 1
Total students = Position of X from front +  Postion of X from the back – 1
34 = Position of X from the front + 20 – 1
Position of X from the front = 34 + 1 – 20
= 15
∴ Position of W from the front = Position of X from the front + 5
= 15 + 5
= 20

30. What will come in place of question mark (?) in the following series ?
TG  HU  VI  JW  ?
(1) KY
(2) KX
(3) YK
(4) XK
(5) None of these

Solution : 4

Directions (31-35) : Study the following information carefully 98. and answer the questions given below.
Six friends— A ,B, C, D, E and F are going for entrance exam during a period of starting from Monday to Saturday. Only one exam will be held on each day.
• C gives exam atleast before three exams.
• F gives exam on Tuesday.
• Both B and E does, not give 100. exam on even day.
• D is going for exam immediately after the exam on which C given.
• Atleast four persons are going for exam after E.

31. On which day E gives entrance exam ?
(1) Wednesday
(2) Monday
(3) Friday
(4) Tuesday
(5) None of the above

Q. No. 31-35
Solution : 2

32. Who gives exam immediately after the exam of ?
(1) E
(2) D
(3) A
(4) B
(5) None of the above

Solution : 3

33. How many persons give exam before on which C gives ?
(1) One
(2) Two
(2) Three
(4) Four
(5) None

Solution : 2

34. A’ going for the exam on which day ?
(1) Monday
(2) Wednesday
(3) Saturday
(4) Tuesday
(5) None of the above

Solution : 3

35. How many persons give exam between B and the person whose exam is on Monday ?
(1) One
(2) Two
(3) Three
(4) Four
(5) None