Present Indefinite or Simple Present Tense : English Grammar for SBI IBPS Bank PO/Clerk Exams

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Let’s first see some examples of Present Indefinite or Simple Present Tense.

I play.
He writes.
The Sun rises in the East.
Here comes the train.
He always speaks the truth.
I weep.
Tom goes for a walk at 6 AM.
My father comes home at 7 PM.
Our school opens in the month of July.
We got to Singapore every year.

Sentence Structure

Type of SentenceStructureExample
AffermativeSubject + V-I (s or es) + Object
*If the subject is a singular third person then use ‘s’ or ‘es’
He goes to market.
I play football.
Negative Subject + do/does not + V-I + Object
*We don’t use ‘s’ or ‘es’ after V-I
*does is used with singular third person subject
He does not go to market.
I do not play football.
Interrogative Do/Does + Subject + V-I + Object?
*We don’t use ‘s’ or ‘es’ after V-I
*does is used with singular third person subject
Does he go to market?
Do I play football?
Interrogative-Negative Do/Does + Subject + Not + V-I + Object
*We don’t use ‘s’ or ‘es’ after V-I
*does is used with singular third person subject
Does he not go to market?
Do I not play football?

 

When we use Present Indefinite or Simple Present Tense ?

  • To express habitual action.
    Examples:
    He drinks tea every morning.
    I get up every day at 6AM.
    My Mother goes to temple every day.
  • To express the general truth.
    Examples:
    The sun rises in the east.
    Honey is sweet.
    The earth revolves around the Sun.
  • In exclamatory sentences beginning with here and there.
    Examples:

    Here comes the train!
    There he goes!
    Here I come!
  • TV and Radio Commentaries
    Example:
    Dhoni passes the ball to Virat, Virat passes it to Yuvraj, who heads it to wicket-keeper and out!
  • To express a future event that is part of a fixed timetable or fixed programme.
    Examples:
    Our school opens in the month of July.
    He reaches here tomorrow.
    We leave Singapore at 6AM next Sunday.
    Tom retires on 1st January 2017.
  •  Used with whenever and when.
    Examples:
    Whenever it rains, the roof leaks.
    When you open window, mosquitos come in. 
    When he comes here, he brings fruits.

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