IN-TEXT QUESTIONS SOLVED
Q1. page 17.
• Looking at the photograph can you explain how a doctor, teacher, engineer and a tailor are an asset to the economy?
• Doctors provide healthcare services to the people. They play an important role in making the population healthier.
• Teachers provide education. They help in making people educated.
• Engineers provide essential services in the :;gad of infrastructural development.
• Tailors provide services related to stitching of clothes for the population.
Thus, all of the above are an asset to the economy in their own way.
Q2. page 21.
Study the graph and answer the following questions:
(i) Has the literacy rates of the population increased since 1951?
Ans. – (i) Yes, the literacy rates of the population have increased from 18% in 1951 to 65% in 2001.
(ii) In which year India has the highest literacy rates?
Ans. – (ii) In the year 2001, India has the highest literacy rates.
(iii) Why literacy rate is high among the males of India?
Ans. – (iii) Males of India are provided with better opportunities to get education than females.
(iv) Why are women less educated than men?
Ans. – (iv) Parents in general feel that girls should look after the household activities whereas boys should go to school. This attitude of theirs leaves women less educated than men.
(v) How would you calculate literacy rate in India?
Ans. – (v) Literacy Rate =
(vi) What is your projection about India’s literacy rate in 2010?
Ans. – (vi) 75%-85%
Q3. page 23.
Study the table 2.2 and answer the following questions:
(i) What is the percentage increase in dispensaries from 1951 to 2001?
Ans. – (i) Percentage increase in dispensaries from 1951 to 2001
(ii) What is the percentage increase in doctors and nursing personnel from 1951 to 2001?
Ans. – (ii) Percentage increase in doctors
= 334.79 %
(iii) Do you think the increase in the number of doctors and nurses is adequate for India? If not, why?
Ans. – (iii) No. The percentage increase in doctors and nurses is not adequate for India because the population of the country is so large.
(iv) What other facilities would you like to provide in a hospital?
Ans. – (iv) All the hospitals should be equipped with latest technology. Number of doctors and nurses and other staff should be adequate so that the patients get proper care.