“Citius, Altius, Fortino”. These are Latin words, which mean ‘Swifter, Higher and Stronger’. They were composed in 1897 by Rev. Father Didon, a friends of Baron Pierre de Coubertln, and introduced in the 1920 games for the first time.


Is composed of five interwined rings, each of different colour, representing five continents of the world, placed at the centre of the Olympic Flag.

Color of RingCountinent Reprented
Blue ringEurope
Yellow ringAsia
Black ringAfrica
Red ringAmerica
Green ringOceania


The Olympic flag is white in colour (originally made of cotton) 3m x 2m. The emblem placed in the middle is 206 cm % 60 cm. The flag was designed by Coubertin himself m 1913 and it was first hosted in 1920 at the Antwerp Games and the motto was then added to it.


“The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in the not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.”


An athlete of the host country recites the following at the opening ceremony. “In the name of all competitors I promise that we will take part in these Olympic Games, repecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, in the spirit of sportsmanship for the glory of sport and the honour of our tenns.” Both the oath and the creed were composed by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of modern Olympics.

Olympic Torch

The Olympic flame symbolizes the continuity between the ancient and the modern Olympics. The Olympic flame was lighted for the first time In 1928 at the Amsterdam stadium and since then the practice has countinued.
The torch used to kindle the flame is first lit by the surfs rays at the shrine of Zeus (Greece). It is then carried overland by a relay of runners to the site of the games and placed in bowl where is burns during the period of the Games

The Olympic Torch Realy

The practice of Torch Relay from Olympia Torch Relay (Greece) to the venue of the Games was rust introudced by German Olympic Committee for the Berlin Games in 1936 and has since become part of the Olympic Games.

The Olympic Mascot

It was introuced in 1972 at the 20th Olympics
Games hold at Munich and since then an Olympic Mascot is selected for a particular year and venue.

The Olympic Awards and Certificates

Originally the meat of the sacrificed animal was offered as a prize to the winners; which was subsequently replaced by a crown of olive branches. However, in modern Olympics winners are awarded medals and certificates. There are three medals for the top three positions.
First Prize              Gold Medal
Second Prize        Silver Medal
Third Prize            Bronze Medal
For the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth positions only certificates are given.


The medal is about 60 mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness. The gold and silver medals are both made of 92.5 per cent pure silver. However, the gold medal is plated with 6gm of pure gold. The third position medal is made of bronze. In addition to prizes given to athletes, there are certain awards and trophies that are awarded to those who promote the cause of Olympics. On July 2, 2003 dining a press conference held in Prague, the Athens 2004 Olympic Games, President, Gianna Angelopoulos, presented the new medals of Olympic Games 2004 to the. IOC. The design of the Olympic medals for the Olympic Games changed for the first time since 1928, incorporating exclusive Greek elements. The creator of the medals is Elena Votsi.

The Olympic Order

Instituted in 1974, the Olympic Order in gold, silver or bronze decoration is awarded to a person who has rendered outstanding services or displayed the Olympic ideals.
Mrs. Indira Gandhi was awarded this order in 1983 by the IOC for her contribution to the organisation of the New Delhi Asiad (1982).

The Olympic Cups

Instituted in 1906 by Coubertin, its reproduction is awarded to an instil ution that contributed to the development of sports in general and the Olympic movement in particular. The original cup remains at the Chateau de Vivy in France.

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