Lifelines of National Economy – Class 10 X – Geography Social Science – Textbook NCERT Solutions




Q1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the eastwest corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur
(b) Sileher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi

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Ans. –   B

(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces transshipment losses and delays?
(a) Railways
(b) Roadways
(c) Pipeline
(d) Waterways

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Ans. – C

(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujarat
(d) Uttar Pradesh

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Ans. –  B

(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest landlocked and well protected port along the east coast?
(a) Chennai
(b) Paradip
(c) Tuticorin
(d) Vishakhapatnam

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Ans. –  D

(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
(a) Pipeline
(b) Railways
(c) Roadways
(c) Airways

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Ans. –  C

(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade
(b) International track.
(c) External trade
(d) Local trade

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Ans. –  B

Q2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) State any three merits of roadways.
(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient  means of transportation?
(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?
(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?

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(i) Three merits of roadways are:
(a) Construction cost of roads is much lower.
(b) It provides door to door services thus the cost of loading and unloading is much lower.
(c) It is used as feeder to other modes of transport.  To reach any destination be it railway station,  sea port or airport, one needs to travel through roads.

(ii) Rail transport is the most convenient means transportation in the northern plains. It is becitic.i the northern plains have vast level land, population density and rich agricultural resou rev,. These have provided the most favourable condition  for the growth of rail transport.

(iii) The significance of border roads:
(a) Border roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain.
(b) They have helped in the economic development of these areas.

(iv) The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade but trade which occurs in a region within the same country is called local trade.

Q3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and economy?
(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of international trade in the last fifteen years.

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(i) The development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their  movement to their destination. Transport plays an important role in the economy. Because of transport raw materials reach to the factory or industry and finished products reach to the consumer. Transport has helped in both production and distribution of goods. Hence, efficient means of transport are prerequisites for fast development.
India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and sociocultural plurality. Railways, airways, water ways, news papers, radio, television, cinema and Internet, etc. have been contributing to its soico-economic progress in many ways. The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of its economy. It has also enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life. Hence, it is right to say that means of transportation and communication are the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

(ii) International trade is defined as the exchange of goods and services between two or more countries. International trade has undergone a sea change in the last fifteen years. Exchange of commodities and goods have been superceded by the exchange of information and knowledge. India has emerged as a software giant at the international level and it is earning huge foreign exchange through the export of information technology. Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity. It is, therefore, considered the economic barometrc for a country. Income earned from international trade constitutes a major part in the net national income. Large international trade leads to revival of domestic economy.

Major Exports
• the agricultural and allied products-2.53%
• ores and minerals-9.12%
• gems and jewellery-26.75
• chemical and allied products-24.45%
• engineering goods-35.63%
• petroleum products-86.12%

Major Imports
• petroleum and petroleum products-41.87%
• pearls and precious stones-29.26%
• inorganic chemicals-29.39%
• coal, coke and briquttes-94.17%
• machinery-12.56%
• Bulk imports-include fertilisers-67%, cereals-25.23%, edible oils-7.94% and news print-5.51. India has trade relations with all the major trading blocks and all geographical regions of the world.

1. Northern terminal of the North-south corridor.
2. The name of National Highway No. 1.
3. The headquarter of the southern railway zone.
4. The rail gauge with a track width of 1.676 m.
5. The southern terminal of the National Highway No. 7
6. A Riverine Port.
7. Busiest railway junction in Northern India.

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