India – Size and Location – Class 9 IX – Geography Social Science – Intext NCERT Solutions




Q1. page 2.
(i) Why 82°30’E has been selected as the Standard Meridian of India?

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Ans. (i) The Standard Meridian is situated in the centre of all longitudes and latitudes in which India is located. It passes through Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. The Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82°30’E longitude. It is west to Mirzapur, near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. There may be confusion due to time differences. In order to rectify such confusion and time along the meridian, i.e., 82°30’E has been selected as the Standard Time for the entire country.

(ii) Why is the difference between the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari but not so in Kashmir?

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(ii) Kanyakumari is located near the equator whereas Kashmir is located far away from the equator. We know that the day and night is almost of 12 hours each on the equator. Hence, places located close to equator do not feel difference between the duration of day and night. The difference increases as we go far from the equator.

Q2.  page 4.
(i) The number of Union Territories along the western and eastern coasts..

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Ans. (i) Three Union Territories:
Daman Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli on western coast and Puducherry on eastern coast.

(ii) Area-wise which is the smallest and which is the largest state?

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Ans. (ii) The smallest state – Goa The largest state – Rajasthan

(iii) The states which do not have an international border that lie on the coast.

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Ans. (iii) Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

(iv) Classify the states into four groups each having common frontiers with
• Pakistan • China • Myanmar and • Bangladesh.

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Pakistan China Myanmar Bangladesh
Jammu &  KashmirJammu &  KashmirArunachal PradeshWest Bengal
PanjabHimachal PradeshNagalandAssam
RajasthanUttarakhandManipur Meghalaya
Arunachal PradeshMizoram


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