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General Awareness  ||  Reasoning  ||  Quantitative Aptitude  ||  English  ||  Computer Awareness

### REASONING

Directions (1-5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Seven persons — A, B, C, D, E, F and G – are standing in a straight line facing north at equal distances but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them is a dif: ferent professional viz, Actor, Reporter, Doctor, Engineer, Lawyer, Teacher and Painter but not necessarily in the same order.
G is standing at the fifth position to the left of C. Reporter is standing at the third position to the right of G. F is standing at the fifth position to the right of A. E is standing second to the left of B. Engineer is standingt the second position to the left of D. Three persons are sitting between Engineer and Painter. Doctor is to the immediate left of Engineer. Lawyer is to the immediate right of teacher.

1. Now many persons are there to the left of Reporter ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three

Solution:5

(5) There are four persons – A, G, E and D – to the left of Reporter B.

2. Which of the following pairs of persons are sitting at the extreme ends ?
(1) A and Actor
(2) Engineer and C
(3) Doctor and F
(4) F and Lawyer
(5) Teacher and Doctor

Solution:1
(1) A, Doctor and C. Actor are sitting at the extreme ends.

3. Who among the following is sitting exactly in the middle of the row ?
(1) Doctor
(2) F
(3) Lawyer
(4) B
(5) Teacher

Solution:3
(3) D, the Lawyer is sitting exactly in the middle of the row.

4. Who among the following is sitting second to the right of Teacher ?
(1) Painter
(2) B
(3) A
(4) Actor
(5) Lawyer

Solution:2
(2) E is the Teacher. B. the Reporter is sitting second to the right of E.

5. Who among the following are the immediate neighbours of Painter ?
(1) Actor and Teacher
(2) B and Lawyer
(3) B and Engineer
(4) Reporter and C
(5) Doctor and Lawyer

Solution:4
(4) F is the Painter. B, the Reporter and C, the Actor are the immediate neighbours of F

Directions (6-7) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below : Point A is 11 metre to the north of point B. Point C is 11 metre to the east of point B. Point D is 5 metre to the north of point C. Point E is 7 metre to the west of the point D. Point F is 9 metre to the north of point E. Point G is 4 metre to the west of point F.

6. Point. D Is in which direction with respect to point F ?
(1) North-East
(2) South-East
(3) South
(4) North-West
(5) East

Solution:2

(2) It is clear from the diagram that point D is in the South-East direction of point F.

7. Which of the following three points lie in a straight line ?
(1) A, E and D
(2) F, E and C
(3) G. F and B
(4) G. A and B
(5) None of these.

Solution:4
(4) Points G, A and B lie in a straight line.

Directions (8-10) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below Among six persons — K. L. M, N, 0 and P— each lives on a different floor of a building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it is numbered 2 and so on and the topmost flour is numbered 6).
L lives on an even numbered floor. L lives on a floor immediately below K’s floor and immediately above M’s floor. P lives on a floor immediately above N’s floor. P lives on an even numbered floor. 0 does not live on floor number 4.

8. Who amongst the following live on the floors exactly between K and P?
(1) 0 and L
(2) I, and N
(3) L and M
(4) M and N
(5) M and 0

Solution:3

(3) K lives on floor number 5 and P lives on floor number 2 L and M live on the floors exactly between K and P.

9. On which floor does 0 live ?
(1) 6th
(2) 2nd
(3) 3rd
(4) 5th
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:1
(1) 0 lives on floor number 6.

10. Who amongst the following does live on floor ?
(1) 0
(2) M
(3) N
(4) K
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:4
(4)K lives on floor number 5.

Directions (11 – 15) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered 1 and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and—
Give answer (1) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (2) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question. while the dam in statement I alone are not sulfi dent to answer the question.
Give answer (3) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if the data given in both the statements 1 and 11 together are not sufficient to answer the question, and
Give:answer (5) if the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

11. Is D the mother of S ?
1. L is the husband of D. L has only three children.
11. N is the brother of S and P. P is the daughter of L.

Solution:5
(5) From statement I
L and D have only three children.
From statement II
N, P and Sare children of L. From both the statements N. P and S are children of L and D.
D is mother of N. P and S.

12. How many students are there in the class ?
I. There are more than 20 but less than 27 students in the class.
11. There are more than 24 but less than 31 students in the class. When the students are divided into groups, each group contains five students.

Solution:5
(5) From statement
The number of students in the class = 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 or 26
From statement II
The number of students in the classs = 25 or 30
From both the statements
There are 25 students in the class

13. Among J. K. L, M and N, each has different height. Who amongst them is the second tallest ?
I. N is taller than M and K. K is shorter than M.
II. L is taller than N. J is not the tallest.

Solution:4

14. Five persons – A, B, C, D and E- are sitting in a circle facing the centre. Who is sitting to the immediate left of D?
I. C is sitting second to the left of A. B and D are immediate neighbours of each other.
II. D is sitting to the immedi ate left of B. E is not an immediate neighbour of D and B.

Solution:5

15. How is ‘cost’ written in a code language ?
I. ‘tell me the cost’ is written as ‘@ 0 # 9’ and ‘cost was very high’ is written as ‘& 6 # 1′ in that code language.
II. some cost was discount’ is written as ‘1 8 7 #’ and some people like discount’ is written as ‘8 7 5 9,6’ in that code language.

Solution:1

Directions (16-20) : In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions.
Mark                                                                                                    if
(I)                                                                                           Only conclusion I follows.
(2)                                                                                           Only conclusion II follows.
(3)                                                                                           Either conclusion I or II follows.
(4)                                                                                           Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
(5)                                                                                           Both conclusions and II follow.

16. Statements
K > I ≥ T ≥  E ;
O < R < K
Conclusions
1. R < E
II. 0 < T

Solution:4

17. Statements
B > A > S < I > C > L < Y
Conclusions
1. B > L
II. A > Y

Solution:4

18. Statements
C < L < O = U = D ≥ S  > y
Conclusions
I. 0 > Y
II. C < D

Solution:5

19. Statements
B > R > E > A > K;
H > A > S
Conclusions
I. H > K
II. S<B

Solution:5

20. Statements
J = A ; C ≥ K ≥ S ≥ A
Conclusions
I. C > J
II. C = J

Solution:3

Directions (21 – 25) : In each of the questions/set of questions below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered
I and II. You have to assume everything in the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the two given conclusions logically follows from the information given in the statement.
Give answer (1) if only conclusion I follows.
Give answer (2) if only conclusion II follows.
Give answer (3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
Give answer (4) it neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and 11 follow.

21. Statements
All alphabets are numbers.
Some alphabets are digits.
Conclusions
I. At least some digits are numbers.
II. No digit is a number.

Solution:1
(21-25):
(i) All alphabets are numbers Universal Affirmative (A-type).
(ii) Some alphabets are digits -4 Particular Affirmative (I-type). u
(iii) No digit is a number Universal Negative (E-type).
(iv) Some digits are not numbers Particular Negative (0-type)

22. Statements
Some squares are circles.
Some circles are rectangles.
Conclusions
I. At least some rectangles an squares.
II. No rectangle is a square.

Solution:3
(3) Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type). No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises. Both the Conclusions form Complementary Pair. Therefore. either Conclusion I or 11 Follows.

23. Statements
No office is a palace.
All colleges are places.
Conclusions
I. All palaces are colleges.
11. No college is an office.

Solution:2

24. Statements
All mountains are rivers.
All rivers are lakes.
Conclusions
1. All mountains are lakes.
II. At least some lakes are rivers.

Solution:5

25. Statements
Some wins are losses.
All trophies are losses.
Conclusions
I. All trophies are wins.
II. All losses are trophies.

Solution:4

Directions (26-30) : Study If following information carefully an answer the questions given below
In a certain code language
‘very large risk associated’ written as ‘nu to ro gi’
‘risk is very low’ is written ‘gi se nu mi’
is that also associated’ is wri ten as la mi po fu’
Inherent risk also damagin is written as Tu nu di yu.

26. Which of the following is it code of ‘damaging”?
(1) di
(2) yu
(3) nu
(4) either di or yu
(5) None of these

Solution:4

The code for ‘damaging’ is either ‘di’ or ‘yu’.

27. Which of the following may represent ‘risk is very large’ ?
(1) gi mi nu ro
(2) nu gi ta se
(3) nu ro se yu
(4) ro gi di nu
(5) None of these

Solution:1
(1) risk ⇒ nu
se ⇒ mi
very ⇒ gi
large ⇒ ro

28. Which of the following is the code of ‘associated’ ?
(1) nu
(2) po
(3) ta
(4) fu
(5) gi

Solution:3
(3) associated ⇒ ta

29. What would be the code for ‘inherent large risk’ ?
(I) yu ro nu
(2) di ro nu
(3) yu fu ro
(4) di to se
(5) Cannot be determined

Solution:5
(5) inherent ⇒ ‘di’ or `yu’
large ⇒ ro
risk ⇒ nu

30. Which of the following may represent low risk associated industry’ ?
(1) ta nu gi ro
(2) to hi nu se
(3) mi ta se fu
(4) di gi ta po
(5) po gi se di

Solution:2
(2) low ⇒ se
risk  ⇒ nu
associated  ⇒ ta
The code for ‘industry’ may be hi’.

Directions (31-35) : Study the following information carefully answer the questions given below :
C E B A C D B C D A C E D E D C A B A D A C E D U B A N B D

31. How many such Ds are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately preceded by a consonant and also immediately followed by a vowel ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three

Solution:2

32. How many Ds are there in the above arrangement ?
(1) Four
(2) Three
(3) Five
(4) Seven
(5) Six

Solution:5
(5) There are six Ds in the given arrangement.

33. If all the Bs are deleted from the above arrangement, which of the following will be eleventh from the left end ?
(1) D
(2) C
(3) E
(4) A
(5) None of these

Solution:1

34. How many such As are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately preceded by B and also immediately followed by a consonant ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three

Solution:4

35. Which of the following is ninth to the right of the 22nd from the right end of the above arrangement ?
(1) A
(2) C
(3) B
(4) D
(5) E

Solution:3
(3) 9th to the right of 22nd from the right end means 13th from the right end, i.e, B.

Directions (36-40) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below
Eight people — S. T, U, V, W. X, Y and Z – are sitting around a circle but not necessarily in the same order. Two of them S and T are facing towards the centre while other people are facing towards the outside. Y sits second to the left of W. S sits second to the left of Y. Only one person sits between S and Z. T sits to the immediate right of S. T is not an immediate neighbour of Y. V is not an immediate neighbour of Y. Both the immediate neighbours of X face towards the outside.

36. What is the position of X with respect to S ?
(I) Third to the right
(2) Fourth to the left
(3) Third to the left
(4) Fourth to the right
(5) Second to the right

Solution:3

(3) X is third to the left of S.

37. Who sits to the immediate left of Z ?
(1) T
(2) W
(3) S
(4) X
(5) V

Solution:5
(5) V sits to the immediate left of Z.

38. Which of the following pairs represents the immediate neighbours of W ?
(1) V and X
(2) V and Z
(3) X and Y
(4) Z and T
(5) S and U

Solution:1
(1) V and X are immediate neighbours of W.

39. What is the position of U with respect to W ?
(1) Second to the left
(2) Fifth to the right
(3) Sixth to the left
(4) Third to the right
(5) Fifth to the left

Solution:2
(2) U is fifth to the right of W

40. How many people sit between U and V ?
(1) Two
(2) Four
(3) One
(4) Three
(5) Five