Let's first see some examples of Future Indefinite or Simple Future Tense.
Tom will go to London.
He will sing a song.
I shall study.
It must rain.
Let him go.
Let us go to the theatre.
|Type of Sentence||Structure||Example|
|Affermative||Subject + will/shall/can/may (etc.) + V-I + Object||He will go to market.|
They will play football.
|Negative||Subject + will/shall/can/may (etc.) + not + V-I + Object||He will not go to market.|
They will not play football.
|Interrogative||Will/shall/can/may(etc.) + Subject + V-I + Object?||Will he go to market?|
Will they play football?
|Interrogative-Negative||Will/shall/can/may(etc.) + Subject + Not + V-I + Object?||Will he not go to market?|
Will they not play football?
- 'Shall' is used with the First person (Shall I, Shall We)
- 'Will' is used with the second and third person (Will he, Will they, Will it, Will you)
- We will study more use of shall, can, may in Modals
- Let always comes in the beginning of the sentence. Let is followed by an objective pronoun (Let him, Let them, Let us). It is never followed by a subjective pronoun (Let I, Let you, Let he; these are wrong)
When we use Future Indefinite or Simple Future Tense ?
- Used to talk about things which we cannot control. It expresses the future fact.
I shall be 18 next Sunday.
It will be Holi in a week.
We will know out exam results in June.
- Used to talk about what we think or believe will happen in the future. We often use it with the words like I think, I believe, I am sure, Probably, etc.
I think India will win the match.
I am sure Tom will get A+ in Maths.
- When we decide to do something at the time of speaking.
It is raining. I will take an umbrella.
"Tom is very busy at the moment" - "All right I will wait."