IN-TEXT QUESTIONS SOLVED
Q1. page 161.
Look at figures 2-5. Write 150 words on what the differences in the pictures tell us about the society and culture in France at the time of the revolution.
Ans. At the time of the Revolution, Sumptuary laws were prevalent all over France. These laws imposed social codes of food and dress upon different strata of the French society. The laws tried to control the behaviour of those considered social inferiors, preventing them from wearing certain clothes, consuming certain food and beverages and hunting game in certain areas. These were meant for the aristocrats. In medieval France, the items of clothing a person could purchase per year was regulated, not only by income but also by social rank. The material to be used for clothing was also legally prescribed. Only royalty could wear expensive materials like ermine and fur, or silk, velvet and brocade. Other classes were debarred from clothing themselves with materials that were associated with the aristocracy.
Q2. page 162.
Read sources A and B. What do they tell you about the ideas of clothing in Victorian society? If you were the principal in Mary Somerville’s School how would you have justified the clothing practices?
Ans. In Victorian England, styles of clothing emphasised differences between men and women. Women were groomed from childhood to be docile and submissive. Men, on the other hand, were expected to be serious and strong. Norms of clothing reflected these ideals. From childhood, girls were tightly laced up and dressed in stays. The effort was to restrict the growth of their bodies, contain them with small moulds. When slightly older, girls had to wear tight fitting corsets.
Q3. page 170.
These two quotations (sources E and F), from about the same period are from two different regions of India—Kerala and Bengal. What do they tell you about the very different notions of shame regarding women’s attire?
Women should not wear fine and transparent clothing which reveals the whole body. Their attire should be elegant. They also should not wear skirts.
Q4. page 176.
Can you think of other reasons why the use of khadi could not spread among some classes, castes, and regions of India?
Ans. I don’t think that there should be any reason to stop the spread of khadi among some classes, castes and regions of India. It is a cloth which can be used by anyone regardless of his/her caste or class.