Adjectives are the words or the group of words that show the quality of noun/ pronoun or provide some additional information about them. In other words, Adjectives describe a noun or pronoun.
Consider the following examples to understand adjective.
- Tom is brave.
To be ‘Brave’ is the quality of Tom. Since Tom is a noun, hence Brave is an adjective.
- He was brave.
To be ‘Brave’ is the quality of ‘He’. Since ‘He’ is a pronoun, hence Brave is an adjective.
- I have some/ much water.
Here, we have used ‘some/ much’ with water. It gives an idea about the amount of water. So using ‘some’ or ‘much’ gives an additional information about water. ‘Water’ is a noun so ‘some/ much’ is an adjective.
- Tom is my brother who plays with you.
In this sentence, when said “who plays with you”, it provides additional information about Tom that he plays with you. Since Aman is the name of a person, means a noun, hence, the clause ‘who plays with you’, which provides additional information about a noun is an adjective clause.
- He is Tom who is older than I.
When We say “who is older than I”, it gives us some additional information about Tom, who is a noun. Hence, this clause ‘who is older than I’ is an adjective clause.
Adjectives have degrees. There are three degrees of an adjective.
- Positive - Example: Tall, Short, Big
- Comparative - Example: Taller, Shorter, Bigger
- Superlative - Example: Tallest, Shortest, Biggest
Some examples using all three.
Tom is tall.
Tom is taller than my dad.
Tom is tallest in my class.
This burger is big.
This burger is bigger than McDonalds.
This burger is the biggest burger I have ever eaten.
From above two examples, you can understand the use of each degree of the adjective.
Here we are giving you a list of some commonly used adjectives. Just read them once.
Tall | Taller | Tallest
Short | Shorter | Shortest
Big | Bigger | Biggest
Small | Smaller | Smallest
Great | Greater | Greatest
Lengthy | Lengthier | Lengthiest
Long | Longer | Longest
Wide | Wider | Widest
High | Higher | Highest
Deep | Deeper | Deepest
Black | Blacker | Blackest
White | Whiter | Whitest
Bitter | Bitterer | Bitterest
Sweet | Sweeter | Sweetest
Sour | Sourer | Sourest
Clean | Cleaner | Cleanest
Dirty | Dirtier | Dirtiest
Cold | Colder | Coldest
Hot | Hotter | Hottest
Fast | Faster | Fastest
Slow | Slower | Slowest
Hard | Harder | Hardest
Tough | Tougher | Toughest
Soft | Softer | Softest
Sometimes to change the degree we have to add more/most in front of words
Active | More Active | Most Active
Beautiful | More Beautiful | Most Beautiful
Careful | More Careful | Most Careful
Cheerful | More Cheerful | Most Cheerful
Dangerous | More Dangerous | Most Dangerous
Difficult | More Difficult | Most Difficult
Diligent | More Diligent | Most Diligent
Famous | More Famous | Most Famous
Foolish | More Foolish | Most Foolish
Harmful More Harmful | Most Harmful
Honest | More Honest | Most Honest
Important | More Important | Most Important
Industrious | More Industrious | Most Industrious
Intelligent | More Intelligent | Most Intelligent
Interesting | More Interesting | Most interesting
Popular | More Popular | Most Popular
Powerful | More Powerful | Most Powerful
Patient | More Patient | Most Patient
Urgent | More Urgent | Most urgent
Sometimes some words do not follow any rule to change to different degree
Good, Well | Better Best
Bad, ill | Worse | Worst
Much, Many | More | Most
Little, Less | Lesser | Least
Adjective / Determiners are of four types:
- Articles (A, An, The)
- Demonstratives (This, That, These, Those)
- Possessives (His, Her, Your, Our, My, Their, its)
- Quantifiers (Few, Less, Some, Any)
We will study about articles in next Topic and will study about rest of the determiners in the topic after articles.