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SSC-CHSL

FIRST IN SPACE – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

The first spare rocket brought back to earth after orbiting the moon Zond-5 First crew transfer between the orbiting space ships : Soyuz T- 15 with Mir Space Station The first mission of a link-up in space by manned space ships of USA and Soviet Union Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Mission (ASTP) (launched on July 15 and linked up in space on July 17, 1975) The first man to fly into space belonging to a country other than Russia or the USA : Remek (Czechoslovakia) The first country to send nuclear powered space craft to explore Jupiter : USA The first to launch earth satellite or artificial baby moon : USSR The first spaceship in the world to sample moon's crust : Surveyor-3 (USA) The First spare vehicle to softland on moon : Luna 9 (USSR) The first manned spaceship to perform the longest stay in space (11 days) : Apollo-7 (USA) The first person in the world to land on the moon : Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin The first man to enter space : Major Yuri Gagarin (Russian) The First woman cosmonaut of the world : Velentina Tereshkova The first unmanned spaceship to have softlanded and lifted oft from the moon to return to the earth : Luna-16 (USSR) Sept. 21, 1970 The first space vehicle to land on the moon : Lunar Exploration Module (LEM) nick-named 'Eagle The first space ship which carried three American astronauts to land two of them on the moon : Apollo-11 The first country to send man to the moon : USA

PLACES ASSOICATED WITH IMPORTANT PERSONALITIES – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Place Personality Photo Shanti Niketan Rabindarnath Tegore Talwandi Guru Nanak Vijayghat Lal Bhadur Shastri Kisan Ghat Ch. Charan Singh Corsica / St. Helena Napoleon Jerusalem Jesus Christ Kapilvastu / Bodhgaya / Lumbini Gautam Buddha Shanti Van/Teen Much Bhavan Jawaharlal Nehru Shakti Sthal Indira Gandhi Vir Bhoomi Rajiv Gandhi Macedonia Alexander the Great Mecca / Medina Mohammad Saheb Waterloo Napoleon Bardoli Sardar Patel Chittorgarh / Haldighati Maharana Pratap Fatehpur Sikri  Akbar Porbander / Sabarmati Mahatma Gandhi Jalianwala Bagh General Dyer Bellur Ramkrishna Paramhansa Arland Van Baba Amte Phoenix Ashram Mahatma Gandhi Alfred Park Chandra Shekhar Azad Jhansi / Gwalior Rani Laxmi Bai Fyzabad Maulvi Ahmedullah Jagdishpur Kunwar Singh Kanpur Nana Saheb   Hindu College Henri Vivian Derozio India House Shyamaji Krishna Verma Peshawar Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Aligarh Muslim Univesity Sir Saiyyad Ahmed Khan Kabul Raja Mahendra Pratap Almora Govind Ballabh Pant Sharda Sadan Pandita Ramabai Genoa Mazzini Sardinia Cavour Nice Garibaldi Prussia Bismarck Georgia Stalin Austria Hitler Treves (Gennany)  Karl Marx Chittagong Surya Sen Kolhapur Chhatrapati Shahu Pahartali Pritilata Waddedar Nadia Chaitanya Ujjain Kalidas Kashmir Kalhana Nankana Sahib Guru Nanak Sasaram/Purana Qila Sher Shah Suri Mysore Tipu Sultan Missionaries of Charity Mother Teresa Tughlaqabad Ghiyassuddin Tughluq Jahanpanah Nagar Muhammad Bin Tughluq Ajmer Muinuddin Chishti Rajapur Tulsidas Paithan Eknath Fargana Babar Amarkot Akbar Shahjahanahad Shahjahan Shivner Shivaji Dwarka Lord Krishna Auroville Aurobindo Ghosh Anandpur Sahib Guru Tegh Bahadur Golden Temple Guru Ram Das Kalakshetra Rukmini Devi Sanchi Stupa Ashoka Alai Darwaja Alauddin Khilji Deer Park (Sarnath) Gautam Buddha Sher Mandal Humayun

MISS WORLD – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Name Country Photo 1951 Keratin Haakonson (kiki)  Sweden 1966 Reita Faria  India 1994 Aishwarya Rai  India  1995 Jacqueline Maria (Aguilera Marcano)  Venezuela 1996 Irene Skliva  Greece 1997 Diana Hayden  India 1998 Linor Abargil  Israel 1999 Yukta Mookhey  India 2000 Priyanka Chopra  India 2001 Agbani Darego  Nigeria 2002 Azra Akin  Turkey 2003 Rosanna Davison   Ireland 2004 Maria Julia Garcia  Peru 2005 Unnur Birna  lesland 2006 Tatana Kucharova  Czech Republic 2007 Zhang Zilin  China 2008 Ksenia Sukhinova  Russia 2009 kaiane Aldorino  Gibraltar 2010 Alexandria Mills  America 2011 Ivian Lunasol Sarcos Colmenares   Venezuela 2012 Wen Xia Yu  China 2013 Megan Young  Philippines

MISS UNIVERSE – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Name Country Photo 1952 Armi Kuusela Finland 1994 Sushmita Sen India 1996 Alicia Machado Venezuela 1997 Brook Lee USA 1998 Wendy Fitzwilliam Trinidad & Tobago 1999 Mpule Kwelagobe Botswana 2000 Lara Dutta India 2001 Denise M. Quinones Puero Rico 2002 Oxana Fedrova Russia 2002 Justine Pasek Panama 2003 Amelia Vega Polanco Dominican Rep. 2004 Jennifer Hawkins Australia 2005 Natalie Glebova Canada 2006 juleka Rivera Mendies Puero Rico 2007 Riyo Mori Japan 2008 Dayana Mendoza Venezuela 2009 Stefania Femandez Venezuela 2010 Jimena Nayarrete Mexico 2011 Leila Lopes Angola 2012 Olivia Culpo USA 2013 Gabriela Isler Venezuela

SOBRIQUETS – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Personalities Sobriquets Photo Sunil Gavaskar Sunny, Little Master Maharajah of Vizlanagaram (cricketeer) Vizzy K.M. Munshi Kulapati J.B. Kripalan Acharya Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lokamanya Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Frontier Gandhi, Badshah Khan Tipu Sultan Mysore Tiger Dadabhai Naoroji Grand Old Man of India C. Rajagopalachari Rajaji Jawaharlal Nehru Chacha Nehru, Pandity Subhas Chandra Bose Netaji Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Iron Man of India Madan Mohan Malviya Maharnana Lal Bahadur Shastri Man of Peace Sarojini Naidu Nightingale of India T.Prakasam Andhra Kesari Rabindranath Tagore Gurudev Adolf Hitler Fuehrer General Rommel Desert Fox Queen Elizabeth I Maiden Queen Margaret Thatcher Headmistress Florence Nightingale Lady with the lamp Pitt, the Younger Great Commoner Mother Teresa Saint of the gutters Dwight D. Eisenhower Ike C.F. Andrews Din Bandhu Maj. General Rajinder Singh Sparrow Milkha Singh Flying Sikh P.T. Usha Payyoli Express C.R Das Desh Bandhu Jaya Prakash Narayan Lok Nayak Lala Lajpat Rai Punjab Kesari C.N. Annadurai Anna M.K Gandhi Bapu; Mahatma;Father of the Nation Joan of Arc Maid of Orleans Bismarck Man of Blood and Iron Napoleon Bonaparte Man of Destiny; Little Corporal William Shakespeare Bard of Avon Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Banga Bandhu Sheikh Md. Abdullah Sher-e-Kashmir (Lion of Kashmir) William Gladstone Grand old Man of Britain Duke of Wellington The Iron Duke Richard Cobden Apostle of Free Trade Henry Kissinger Desert Camel Mussolini Deuce Earl of Warwick Kingmaker M. A. Jinnah Quaid-e-Azam Dr. Ho Chi Minh Uncle Ho Geoffrey Chaucer Father of English Poetry Sir Walter Scott Wizard of the North Pearl S. Buck Liskwan Prof. T.H. Huxley Watchdog of Darwin Gautama, the Buddha The Enlightened One K.V. Puttappa Kuvempu M.S. Golwalkar Guruji

WINNERS OF PARAM VIR CHAKRA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Winner details Photo 1947 Major Somnath Sharma Kumaon Regiment posthumous-November 1947 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48) 1948 Lt. R.R. Rane Corps of Engineers April 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48) 1948 Company Havildar Major Piru Singh 6 Rffiputana Rifles Posthumousuly 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48) 1948 L/NK Karam Singh Sikh Regiment October 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48) 1948 Lance Naik Jadunath Singh Rajput Regiment Posthumous-December 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48) 1961 Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria Gorkha Rifles Posthumous-December 1961 (Congo) 1962 Major Dhan Singh Thapa Gorkha Rifles October 1962 (Ladakh) 1962 Subedar Joginder Singh Sikh Regiment Posthumous-October 1962 (NEFA) 1962 Major Shaitan Singh Kumaon Regiment Posthumous-November 1962 (Ladakh) 1965 CQMH Abdul Hamid Grenadiers Posthumous-September 1965 (Operation against Pakistan) 1965 Lt. Col. A.B. Tarapore Poona Horse Posthumous-September 1965 (Operation against Pakistan) 1971 Flg. Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon Flg. Pilot Posthumous-December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict) 1971 Major Hoshiar Singh Grenadiers December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict) 1971 Lt. Arun Khetarpal 17 Poona Horse Posthumous-December 1971 (Indo-Pakistan conflict) 1971 L/NK Albert Ekka Brigade of Guards Posthurmous-December 1971 (IndoPakistan conflict) 1987 Naib Subedar Bana Singh J & K Light Infantry June 1987 (Operations in Siachen Glacier) 1987 Major Ramaswamy Pararneswaran Mahar Regiment, Posthumous-November 1987 (IPKE Operations in Sri Lanka) 1999 Capt Vikram Batra 13 JAK Rif Posthumous-June 1999 (OP Vijay in Kargil) 1999 Lt. Manoj Kumar Pandey 1/11 GR Posthumous-June 1999 (OP Vijay in Kargil) 1999 Rifleman Sanjay Kumar 13 JAK Rif June 1999 (OP Vijay in Kargil) 1999 Gdr Yogender Singh Yadae 18 GDRS June 1999 (OP Vijay in Kargil)

RECIPIENTS OF DADA SAHEB PHALKE AWARD – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Recipients Year Photo Mrs. Devika Rani Roerich (First) 1969 B.N. Sirkar 1970 Prithviraj Kapoor (Posthumously) 1971 Pankaj Mallick 1972 Mrs. Sulochna 1973 B.N. Reddy 1974 Dhiren Ganguly 1975 Mrs. Kanan Devi 1976 Nitin Bose 1977 RC. Boral 1978 Sohrab Modi 1979 P Jairaj 1980 Naushad Ali 1981 L.V. Prasad 1982 Durga Khote 1983 Satyajit Roy 1984 V. Shantaram 1985 B. Nagi Reddy 1986 Raj Kapoor 1987 Ashok Kumar 1988 Lata Mangeshkar 1989 A. Nageshwar Rao 1990 Bhalji (Bhalchandra Govind) Pendharkar 1991 Bhupen Hazarika 1992 Mazrooh Sultanpuri 1993 Dilip Kumar 1994 Dr. Raj Kumar 1995 Shivaji Ganeshan 1996 Pradeep (Ramchandra Narayanji Dwivedi) 1997 B. R. Chopra 1998 Hrtshikesh Mukherjee 1999 Asha Bhonsle 2000 Yash Chopra 2001 Dev Anand 2002 Mrinal Sen 2003 Adoor Gopala Kaishanan 2004 Shyam Banegal 2005 Tapan Sinha 2006 Manna Dey 2007 V K Murthy 2008 Daggubati Ramanaidu 2009 K. Balachandar 2010 Soumitra Chatterjee 2011 Pran Kishan Sikand 2012

RECIPIENTS OF BOOKER PRIZES – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Recipients Book Photo 1969 P.H. Newby Something to Answer For 1970 Bernice Rubens The Elected Member 1971 V.S. Naipaul Ina Free State 1972 John Berger G 1973 J.G. Farrell The Siege Of Krishreapur 1974 Nadine Gordimer The Conservationist  1974 Stanley Middleton Holiday 1975 Ruth Prawer Jhabwala Heat and Dust 1976 David Storey Simile Saville 1977 paul Scott Staing On 1978 Iris Murdoch The Sea, The Sea 1979 Penelope Fitzgerald Offshore 1980 William Golding Rites Of passage 1981 Salman Rushdie Midnight's Children 1982 Thomas Keneally Schindler's Ark 1983 J.M. Coetzee Life and Times Of Michael. K. 1984 Anita Brookner Hotel du Lac 1985 Keri Hulme The Bone People 1986 Kingsley Ands The Old Devils 1987 Penelope Lively Moon Tiger 1988 Peter Carey Osear And Lucinda 1989 Kazuo Ishiguro The Remains Of the Day 1990 A.S. Byatt Possession 1991 Ben Okri The Famished Road 1992 Michael Ondaatje The English Patient  1992 Barry Unsworth Sacred Hunger 1993 Roddey Doyle Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha 1994 James Kelman How Late It Was, How Late 1995 Pat Barker The Ghost Road 1996 Graham Swift Last Orders 1997 Arundhathi Roy The God of Small Things 1998 Ian McEwan Amsterdam 1999 J.M. Coetzee Disgrace Disgrace 2000 Margaret Atwood The Blind Assassin 2001 Peter Carey True History of the Kelly Gang 2002 Yann Martel Life of Pi 2003 D.B. Pierre Vernon God Little 2004 Alan Hollinghurst The Line Of Beauty 2005 John Banville The Sea 2006 Kiran Desai The Inheritance of Loss 2007 Anne Enright The Gathering 2008 Arvind Adiga The White Tiger 2009 Hilary Mantel Wolf Hall 2010 Howard Jacobson The Frinkler Question 2011 Julian Barnes The Sense of an Ending 2012 Hilary Mantel Bring up the Bodies 2013 Eleanor Catton Granta The Luminaries

RECIPIENTS OF BHARTIYA JNANPITH AWARDS NOT ON PARTICULAR BOOK BUT ON OVERALL CONTRIBUTION – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Recipients Language Photo 1986 Sachidanand Rout Roy 'Sachi' Odiya 1987 V.V. Shirwadkar Marathi 1988 Dr. C.N. Reddy Telugu 1989 Qurratul-Ain-Hyder Urdu 1990 Vinayak Krishna Gokak Kannada 1991 Subhash Mukhopadhyaya Bengali 1992 Naresh Mehta Hindi 1993 Dr. Sitakant Mahapatra Odiya 1994 U.R. Anantha Murthy Kannada 1995 M.T. Vasudevan Nair Malayalam 1996 Scot. Mahasweta Devi Bengali 1997 Ali Sardar Jafri Urdu 1998 Girish Karnad Kannada 1999 Nirmal Verma Hindi 1999  Gurdial Singh  Panjabi respectively 2000 Indira Goswami Assamee 2001 Rajendra Keshavlal Shah Gujarati 2002 B. Jayakantan Tamil 2003 Vinda Karindakar Marathi 2004 Rahman Rahi Kashmiri 2005 Kunwar Narayan Hindi 2006 Ravindra Kelkar Konkari Satyabrat Shastri Sanskrit 2007 ONV Kuroop Malayalam 2008 Alchlaq Khan Shahryar Urdu 2009 Amar Kant Hindi  2009 Shrilal Shukla Hindi 2010 Chandrashekhara Kambara Kannada 2011 Pratibha Ray Odiya 2012 Dr. Ravuri Bhardwaj Telugu

RECIPIENTS OF BHARTIYA JNANPITH AWARDS- STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year Recipient Language book photo 1965 G. Shankara Kurup Malayalam Odakkuzhal 1966 T.S  Bandopadhyaya Bengali Ganadevta 1967  Uma ShankarJoshi  Gujarati  Nishith 1967 V. Puttappa Kannada Ramayana darshanam 1968 Sumitra Nandan Pant  Hindi Chidambara 1969  Firaq Gorakhpuri (Raghupeti Sahay)  Urdu  Gul-e- Naghma 1970  Satyanarayan Vishwanath Telugu Stimadramayana Kalpavrikshamu 1971 Bishnu Dey Bengali  Smriti Satta Bhavishyat 1972 Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Hindi  Urvarshi 1973  Dr. Dattatreya R.Bendre Kannada Nakutanti 1974 Gopinath Mohant Oriya MatiMatal 1974 Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar Marathi Yayati 1975 P.V. Akilandam Tamil Chittirappavai 1976 Smt. Ashapurna Devi Bengali Pratham Pratisruti 1977 K Shivarama Karanth Kannada Mukajjiya kanasugalu 1978 S.H. Vatsyayan 'Ageya' Hindi Kitni Navon Mein Kilni Bar 1979 Dr. Birendra Kr. Bhattacharya Assamese Mrityunjaya 1980 S.K Pottekkatt Malayalam Oru Desattinte Katha 1981 Mrs. Amrita Pritam Punjabi Kagaz de Kanvas 1982 Mahadevi Verma Hindi Yama 1983 Masti Venkatesh Ayengar Telugu Chikaveera Rajendra 1984 Takashi Sivashankara Pillai Malayalam Cnemmeen 1985 PannaLal Patel Gujarati Manvini Bhavai

RECIPIENTS OF BHARAT RATNA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Year Photo C. Rajagopalachari (Politician, Last Governor General) 1954 Dr C.V. Raman (Scientist) 1954 Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (Philospher, First Vice President) 1954 Dr. Bhagwan Das (Independence Activist, Author) 1955 Dr. M. Visvesvaraya (Scientist, Civil Engineer) 1955 Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru (Politician, First Prime Minister) 1955 Govind Ballabh Pant (Politician) 1957 Dr. D.K. Kerve (Social Reformer) 1958 Dr. B.C.Roy (Politician, Physician, C.M. of West Bengal) 1961 Purushottam Des Tendon (Politician, Educator) 1961 Dr. Rajendra Prasad (Politician, First President) 1962 Dr. Zakir Hussain (Politician, Scholar) 1963 Dr. P. V. Kane (Indologist & Sanskrit Scholar) 1963 Lal Bahadur Shastri (Politician) 1966 Mrs. Indira Gandhi (Politician) 1971 V.V. Giri (Politician, Trade Unionist) 1975 K. Kamraj (Politician, C.M. of Tamil Nadu) 1976 Mother Teresa (Social Activist, Catholic rum) 1980 Acharya Binoba Bhave (Social Reformer) 1983 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Social Activist, First Non-citizen) 1987 M.G. Ramachendran (Politician, Film Actor) 1988 Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (Politician) 1990 Dr. Nelson Mandela (Politician, Second Non-citizen) 1990 Rajiv Gandhi (Politician) 1991 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Politician) 1991 Morarji Desai (Politician) 1991 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Politician, First Mimnister of Education) 1992 J. R. D. Tata (Industrialist) 1992 Satyajit Roy (Filmmaker) 1992 Dr. A.P. J. Abdul Kalam (Scientist. Aeronautical Engineer) 1997 Gulzari Lal Nanda (Politician) 1997 Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Politician) 1997 M.S. Subbalakshmi (Carnatic Classical Singer) 1998 C. Subramaniam (Politician) 1998 Jai Prakash Narayan (Politician & independence Activist) 1999 Pt. Ravi Shankar (Sitar Player) 1999 Amartya Sen (Economist) 1999 Late Gopinath Berdoloi (Politician, C.M. of Assam) 1999 Lata Mangeshkar (Playback Singer) 2001 Ustad Bismillah Khan (Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player) 2001 Pandit Bhimsen Joshi (Hindustani Classical Singer) 2008 Sachin Tendulkar (Cricketer) 2013 Prof. C.N.R. Rao (Scientist) 2013

OLDEST, HIGHEST,LARGEST IN INDIA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Airfield:Highest Daulatbeg Oldhi (Ladakh) (5, 183 m) Airport : Highest Leh (Ladakh) (3, 256 m) Auditorium : Largest Sri Sharmarkhananda Hall, Mumbai Atomic Power Station : First Tarapur Power Plant near Mumbai Award Civilian : Highest Bharat Ratna Award for gallantry : Highest Param Vir Chakra Battleground : Highest Siachen Glacier Beach : Longest Marina Beach, Chennai Botanical Garden : Oldest Farahat Bukhs Botanical Garden, Saharanpur (UT.) Botanical Garden : Largest National Botanical Gardens, Kolkata Building : Largest Residential Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi Canal : Longest Indira Gandhi Canal or 'Rajasthan Canal Cantilever Span Bridge : Largest Howrah Bridge (Rabindra Setu), Kolkata  Cave Temple : Largest Elora, Maharashtra City : Most Populous Mumbai Metropolis Corridor : Longest Rameswaram Temple (1220 m) (Tamil Nadu) Coastline : Longest Gujarat (About 1600 km)  Dam : Highest Bhakra Dam Dam : Largest Hirakud Dam Delta : Largest Sunderbans Desert : Largest Thar Dome : Largest Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur Glacier : Longest Siachen on the Indo-Pak border (75.6 km) Gurdwara : Largest Golden Temple at Amritsar Hospital : First At Fort St. George, Chennai Hospital : First Eye Govt. Opthalmic Hospital, Chennai Hospital : First (all women) Muslim Maternity and Zanana Hospital, Hyderabad (A.P.) Lake : Largest Wular lake, Kashmir Minaret : Tallest Qutub Minar, Delhi Mosque : Largest Jama Masjid, Delhi Bridge : Motorable Highest Khardungla, Ladakh (Ht 5, 602 m) Museum : largest Indian Museum, Kolkata Nuclear Reactor : First Apsara Observatory : Oldest Jantar Mantar, Delhi Observatory : World's Highest Hanle, Ladakh (4,500 m) Planetarium : largest Birla Planetorium, Kolkata  Plateau : Largest Deccan Rail Bridge : Longest Sone Bridge, Bihar Rail Bridge : Highest Pavai Nadi Viaduct near Ratnagiri ( on the Konkan Railway) Highest in Asia Railway Platform : Longest Kharagpur (833 m) Railway Train : First Mumbai to 'thane (34 km) Railway Train : First Superfast Rajdhani Express (Between New Delhi and Howrah) Railway Train : First double decker Sinhagarh Express (between Mumbai and Pune) Rainfall : Heaviest Masynram, Meghalaya Refinery : Oldest Digboi River Bridge : Longest Mahatma Gandhi Setu over River Ganga near Patna Road : Highest At Khardungla (Leh-Manali sector)  Ropeway : highest Mono-cable ropeway, Pavagadh, Gujarat (740m) Sea Bridge : Longest Indra Gandhi Bridge Connecting Rameswaram Island and Mandapam (T.N.) Statue : Tallest Gomatesvara statue at Sravanabelgola (karnataka) Tower : Highest Qutub Minar, Delhi T.V. Tower : Tallest Pitampura, New Delhi (235m) Tunnel : Largest Jawahar Tunnel Banihal Pass, Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory : Most Literate Lakshadweep Waterfalls Highest Gersoppa Waterfalls, Karnataka Zoo : largest Zoological Gardens, Kolkata

NOBEL LAUREATES OF INDIA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Details Photo AMARTYA SEN (B-1933) Prof. Amartya Sen is the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Economies for the year 1998, becoming the first Asian to have been honoured with the award. The Santiniketan-born economist who is a pioneer in Welfare Economics has to his credit several books and papers on aspects of welfare and development. SUBRAMANIAN CHANDRASHEKAR (1910-1995) The Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 was awarded to Dr. S. Chandrashekar, an Indian-born astrophysicist. Educated in Presidency College, Chennai, Dr. Chandrashekar happened to be the nephew of his Nobel forbear, Sir C.V. Raman.fle developed a theory on while dwarf stars which posts a limit of mass of dwarf stars known also as Chandrashekar Limit. His theory explains the final stages of stellar evolution MOTHER TERESA (1910-1997) The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Mother Teresa in 1979 Albanian parentage, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born at Skopje, now in Yugoslavia. She joined the Irish order of the Sisters of Lorettor at Dublin in 1928 and came to Kolkata in 1929 as a missionary, only to find the misery of the abandoned and the destitute. Concern for the poor and the sick prompted her to found a new congregation, Missionaries of Charity. Having become an Indian Citizen, Mother Teresa served the cause of dying destitutes, lepers and drug addicts, through Nirmal I lriday (meaning Pure Heart) HARGOBIND KHORANA (B. 1922) Hargobind Khorana was awarded the Noble Prize for Medicine in 1968. Of Indian origin, Dr. Khorana was born in Ralpur, Punjab (now in Pakistan). He took his doctoral degree in Chemistry from Liverpool University and joined the University of Wisconsin as a Faculty Member in 1960. His major breakthrough in the field of Medicine - interpreting the genetic code and analysing its function in protein synthesis - fetched him the Noble Prize CHANDRASHEKAR VENKATARAMAN (1888-1970) India's first Noble Prize for Physics was claimed in 1930 by the renowned physicist Sir C.V. Raman. Born at Thiruvanaikkaval near Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, Sir C.V. Raman received the Noble Prize for an important optics research, in which he discovered that diffused light contained rays of other wavelengths - what is now popularly known as Raman Effect RABINDRANATH TAGORE (1861-1941) Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian ever to receive a Noble Prize. Popularly known as Gurudev, India's Poet Laureate Tagore was been on 7 May 1861 in Kolkata. He was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature in recognition of his work Geetanjali, a collection of poems, in 1913. Tagore wrote many love lyrics. Geetanjali and Sadhana are among his important works. The poet, dramatist and novelist is also the author of India's National Anthem. In 1901 he founded the famous Santiniketan which later came to be known as Vishwabharati University

INDIA IN WORLD HERITAGE LIST – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Year place Photo 1983 Ajanta Caves 1983 Ellora Caves 1983 Agra Fort 1983 Taj Mahal 1984 Sun Temple, Konark 1985 Mahabalipuram monuments 1985 Kaziranga National Park 1985 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 Keoladeo National Park 1986 Churches and Convents of Goa 1986 Khajuraho Group of monuments  1986 Group of monuments at Hampi 1986 Fatehpur Shin & Churchs and Convent of Goa 1987 Group of monuments of Pattadakal 1987 Elephanta Caves, Maharastra 1987 Brihadeshvara Temple, Thanjavur 1987 Sundarban National Park 1988 Nanda Devi National Park 1989 Buddhist monuments at Sanchi 1993 Humayuns Tomb, Delhi' 1983 Qutub Minar and its monuments-Delhi 1999 Darjeeling Himalayan Railway 2002 MahabodhiTemple at. Bodh Gaya 2003 Marble Rocks, Bhimbhetaka 2004 Brihadeshvar Temple of Gangaikondacholapuram 2004 Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram 2004 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat 2004 Chhatrapati Shivaji Railway Station, Mumbai 2005 'Phoolon Kee Ghatee' (Valley of flower), Uttaranchal 2007 'Red Fort', Delhi 2008 Kalka-Shimla Railway 2010 Jantar-Mantar, Jaipur 2012 Western Ghat 2013 Hill Forts of Rajasthan

IMPORTANT DATES – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Date About of date Photo Jan 1  Army Medical Corps Establishment Day Jan 8  African National Congress Foundation Day  Jan 10  World Laughter Day Jan 11 Death anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri Jan 12 National Youth Day (Birth day of Swami Vivekanand) Jan 15 Army Day Jan 23 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's birth anniversary Jan 25 International Custom Duty Day, Indian Tourism Day Jan 26 Republic Day Jan 28 Birth anniversary of lala Lajpat Rai Jan 30 (Martyr's Day) Mahatma Gandhi's Martyrdom Day Jan 30 World Leprosy Eradication Day Feb 2 World Wetlands Day Feb 5 Kashmir Day (Organised by Pakistan) Feb 13 Sarojini Naidu's Birth Anniversary Feb 14 St. Valentine's Day Feb 16  Delhi Police Day Feb 20 Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram Day Feb 28 National Science Day Feb 29 National Narcotics Day Feb 29 Birth anniversary of Morarji Desai March 3 National Defence Day March 4 National Security Day,National Safety Day March 8 International Women Day March 9 CISF Raising Day March 11 Andaman & Nicobar Day March 12  Mauritius Day March 12 Central Industrial Security Force Day March 15  World Consumer Day March 16 National Vaccination Day March 18 Bi-centenary of Indian Ordinance Factory March 19 World Disabled Day March 20 Social Empowerment Memorial Day March 21  World Forestry Day March 22 World Day for Water March 23 World Meteorological Day March 24 World TB Day March 26 Bangladesh Liberation Day March 28 National Shipping Day March 30 Rajasthan Day April 1 Orissa Day April 5 National Maritime Day April 7 World Health Day April 10 National Survey Day April 11 National Janani Suraksha Day April 13 Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre Day (1991) April 14 B.R. Ambedkar Remem brance Day April 14 Fire Exitsguishing Day April 15  Himachal Pradesh Day April 17 World Haemophilia Day April 18  World Heritage Day April 20 Birth anniversary 0f Hanniman (Father of Homeopathy) April 22 World Earth Day April 23 World Books Day April 26  World Chernobyl Day May 1  International labour Day (May Day) May 3  International Energy Day; Sun Day May 4  World Press Freedom Day May 8  International Red Cross Day May 10   Mother's Day May 11  National Technology Day May 15  International Family Day May 17  World Telecom Day May 21  Anti Terrorism Day May 22  World Biodiversity Day May 24  Commonwealth Day May 30  Journalism Day May 31   World No Tobacco Day  June 1  Pulse Polio Vaccination Day June 5  World Environment Day June 9  Death anniversary of Birsa Munda June 12   World Day Against Child Labour June 17  World day to combat Desertification & Drought June 20  Father's Day June 21 Antarctic Day June 26 International Day Against Drug Abuse June 27 World Diabetes Day July 1 Doctors Day July 4 American Independence Day July 11 World Population Day July 26  Kargil Victory Day July 28 Van Mahotsva Day Aug 1  World Breast Feeding Day Aug 3 Friendship Day (first Sunday of August) Aug 4 Heart Transplantation Day Aug 6 Hiroshima Day Aug 8 Sanskrit Day Aug 9 Quit India Movement Day Aug 9 International Day of Indegenous People Aug 12 International Youth Day Aug 14 Pakistan's Independence Day Aug 15 India's Independence Day Aug 20 Sadbhavna Divas Aug 29 Sports Day Sept 1 Non-Aligend Day Sept 5 Teacher's Day Sept 8 International Literacy Day Sept 14 Hindi Day Sept 14 World first Aid Day Sept 16 World Ozone Day Sept 21 International Day or Peace Sept 21 World Alzheimer's Day Sept 22 National Rose Day Sept 22 Welfare Day for Cancer Patients Sept 24 World Heart Day Sept 25 Social Justice Day Sept 27 World Tourism Day Oct 1 Internatioinal Day for the Elderly (UN) Oct 2  Gandhi Jayanti Oct 3 World Nature Day Oct 4 World Animal Day Oct 5 World Habitat Day Oct 5 World Teachers Day Oct 6 World Wildlife Day Oct 8 Indian Airforce Day Oct 9 World Postal Day Oct 10 World Mental Health Day Oct 10 National Post Day Oct 14 World Standards Day Oct 16 World Food Day Oct 17 International Poverty Eradication Day Oct 20 National Solidarity Day (China attacked India on that day). It was decided to observe 29th October as the National Solidarity Day Oct 24 United Nations Day Oct 30 World Thrift Day Oct 31 National Integration Day (in memory of Indira Gandhi) Nov 1 Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madya Pradesh, Panjab, Haryana Day Nov 7 Infant Protection Day Nov 7 World Cancer Awareness Day Nov 9 Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Nov 9 Legal Services Day Nov 10 Transport Day Nov 11 Birthday of Abul Kalam Azad Nov 12 National Public Transmission Day Nov 14  Children's Day Nov 14 World Diabetes Day Nov 17 Guru Nank Dev's Birth Anniversary Nov 19 Citizen's Day Nov 25 World Environment Conservation Day, Nov 25 Birth Day of Guru Nanak Dev Nov 26  Law Day Nov 29 International Day of Solt darity with Palestinian People Nov 30 Flag Day Dec 1 World Aids Day Dec 3 International Day for Handicapped People Dec 3 Birth Day of Dr. Rajendra Prasad Dec 4 Navy Day Dec 5 Navy Day, Constitution Day  Dec 7 Armed Forces Flag Day Dec 8 SAARC Day Dec 9 International Anti-Corruption Day (UN) Dec 10…

IMPORTANT AWARDS / HONOURS – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Awards / Honours Conferring Agency Details Instituted (year) Amount Photo Bharat Ratna Government  of India  Given for exceptional services towards the advancement of art, science and literature and in recognition of public services of the highest order in any field. (Highest National Award) 1954 Rs. 11  Lakhs Padma Vibhushan Government  of India 2nd Highest Civilian Honour Given for exceptional and distinguished services in any field including services rendered by Government employees. 1954 - Padma Bhushan Government of India Third highest national award given for distinguished services in any field. 1954 - Padma Shri Government of India  Fourth highest national award given for distinguished services in any field. 1954 - Bharatiya Jnanpith Award Bharaliya Jnanpith Given to distinguished writer of various modem Indian languages, 1964-65 Rs.7 lakhs Moortidevi Award Bharatiya Jnanpith Given for depiction of value of human life In various modernIndian languages and in English 1984 Rs.2 lakhs   Sahitya Akedemi Award Sahitya Akademi For distinguished and outstaoiling literary contribution in 22 Indian languages including English in past 5 years. 1955 Rs.1 lakh Saraswati Samman K.K. Birla Foundation For an outstanding literary work in any language included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India in the past 10 years. Recognised as most prestigious literary honour in the country. 1991 Rs.5 lakhs Vachaspati Award K.K. Birla Foundation For distinguished and creative writing in Sanskrit 1992 Rs. 1.5 lakhs Bharat Bharati Award Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan For creative writing and conlinued service in Hindi literature 1986 Rs. 2.5 lakhs Booker Prize Booker Company & British Publishers Association Highest literary award for dia anguished literary contribution by Irish or other writers of Commonwealth Nations 1968 Pound 60,000 David Cohen Award British Art Council Highest literary award of Britain - Pound 49,000 Common wealth Writer's Award - Given to distinguished writers of Commonwealth Nations of Eurasia 1987 Pound 10,000 Gaunkoo Pre Award Gaunkoo Academy (France) Highest literary award of France 1993 Franc 50 Arjuna Award Human Resource Development Ministry (Government of India) Sports Deptt. Outstanding contribution in the field of sports 1961 Rs. 5 lakhs Dronacharya Award Human Resource Development Ministry (Government of India) Sports Deptt. For distinguished services by coaches of different games 1985 Rs. 5 lakhs Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna - For outstanding performance in the field of sports / games 1991 Rs. 7.5 lakhs C.K. Naidu Award Board of Control for Cricket of India For extraordinary.performance in cricket (outside or inside ground) 1994 Rs. 15 lakhs Olympic Gold Order Intemational Olympic Committee For distinguished contribution for promotion and enrichment of Olympic revolution - - Nobel Prizes Nobel Foundation, Sweden (Peace); Parliamentary Committee of Norway Swedish Academy (Literature); Bank of Sweden (Economics); Nobel Assembly of Carolinska Institute (Medicine); Royal Sweden Academy of Sciences (Physics & Chemistry) Given annually on December 10 for outstanding works in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology & Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economics (established in 1967); Most prestigious award in the world. 1901 10 million Swedish Kronar Magsaysay Award Ramon Magsaysay (Philippines) Foundation  Given annually on August 31, the birth anniversary of Magsaysay, for outstanding contribution to public service, community leadership, joumalism, literature and creative arts and international understanding. It is equivalent to the Nobel Prize in Asia  1957 Dollar 50,000 Dollar Right Livelihood Award Right Livelihood Society based in British's Isle of Man but with a Staff in Stockholm Given annually for practical and exemplary solutions to real problem of today. Also called "Alternate Nobel Prize". 1980 Dollar 2.5 lakhs Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding Council of Cultural Relations of India Given to persons for outstanding contributions to the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship 1965 Rs. 15 lakhs Indira Gandhi Award for International Peace, Disarrnament and Development Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund Given for outstanding costribution to disarmament and development 1986 Rs. 33 lakhs UNESCO Peace Award UNESCO Often called the 'Little Nobel Award", given to individuals or groups for their contribution to peace 1989 $ 25,000 UN Human Rights Award UN Given every five years for individual contribution to the establishment of Human Rights 1966 - Ambedkar International Award Government of India Given for outstanding contnbut ion in the social & economic fields, particularly for the uplift-ment of downtrodden 1993 Rs. 50.000 Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Fund Given for outstanding contribution for promotion of peace and cordial relations. - Rs. 2.5 lakhs Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize Government of India (Highest…

IMPORTANT ACTS AND ASSOCIATED PERSONALITIES – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Acts Personality Photo Foundation of Buddhism Gautma Buddha Foundation of Jainism Vardhmana Mahavira Foundation of Mughal Dynasty Babar Paramdhan Ashram Vinoba Bhave Forward Block Subhash Chandra Bose Brihadesvara Temple Rajaraja Chola Arya Samaj Movement Dayanand Saraswati Servants of India Socity G.K. Gokhale Operation Flood Dr. Verghesh Kurien Banaras Hindu University Madan Mohan Malviya Bhartiya Vidya Bhawan K.M. Munshi Sikh Religion Guru Nanak Swarajya Party Motilal Nehru  Swarajya Party C.R Das Swatantra Party C. Rajagopalachari All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazgham M.G. Ramchandran Raman effect C.V. Raman Eiffel Tower Alexandre Eiffel Modern Geometry Euclid Gregorian Calender Gregory XIII Brahmo Somaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy "Jaipur Foot" Dr. Pramod Karan Sethi Mathematical Wizard Ms. Shakuntala Devi Bhoodan Movement Vinoba Bhave   Scouts and Guides Lord Baden Powell Telephone Alexander Graham Bell Utilitarian Philosophy Jereny Benthan Unification of Germany Bismarck Modem Astronomy Nicolaus Copernicus Natural Selection Theory Charles Darwin Leader of October Revolution (1917) Vladimir Lenin Abolition of Slavery in America Abraham Lincoln Foundation of Protestantism Martin Luther Foundation of Islam Mohammed Saheb Foundation of St. Petersburg Peter The Great Bharat Main Society Ajit Singh Samaj Samata Sangha Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Jamia Mlllia Islamiya M.A. Ansari Gandhi Seva Sangha Jamnalal Bajaj National Conference Surendranath Banerjee Central Hidu College Annie Besant Nav Jawan Bharat Sabha Bhagat Singh Hind Association Sohan Singh Bhakna National Conference Anand Mohan Bose Foundation of Anand Math Satyendranath Bose Madras Mahajan Sabha P. Ananda Charlu National Council of Education Ashutosh Chaudhari Young Bengal Henry Vivian Derozio Punarvivah Mandal Gopal Hari Deshmukh Maniktala Party Barindra Kumar Ghosh Krishak Praja Party A. K. Fazlul Haque Widow Remarriage Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar Windows Home D. K. Karve Khudai Khidinatgar Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Frontier Gandhi) Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College Syed Ahmed Khan Seva Sadan Behramji Malabari London India Society Dadabhai Nauroji  Mitra Mela V. D. Savarkar  Temple Entry Movement Shri Narayan Guru Red Shirts Garibaldi Communist Party of India M. N. Roy Asiatic Society Willian Jones Theosophical Society Madam Blavatsky Indian Association Surendranath Banerjee   Muslim League Salimullah Khan  Muslim League Aga Khan Home Rule League Bal Gangadhar Tilak Scientific Society Sir Syed Ahmed Khan   Bhakti Movement Chaitanya Din-i-Illahi Akhar Prarthana Samaj Keshav Chandra Sen Saka era Kanishka (78 A D) Nyaya Philosophy Maharshi Gautam Sanikhya Philosophy Maharishi Kapila Yoga Philosophy Patanjali Ramkrishna Mission Swami Vivekananda Abolition of Sati William Bentinck Khalsa Guru Gobind Singh Ghadar Party Lala Hardayal Indian National Congress A.O. Hume

CHIEFS OF NAVAL STAFF – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Tenure Photo RearAdmiral J.T.S. Hall 15 August, 1947-14 August, 1948 Admiral Sir Edward Parry 15 August, 1948-13 October, 1951 Admiral Sir Mark Pizey 14 October, 1951-21 July, 1955 Vice Admiral Sir Stephen Carlill 22 July, 1955-21 April, 1958 Vice Admiral R.D. Katari 22 April, 1958-4 June, 1962 Vice Admiral B.S. Soman 5 June, 1962-3 March, 1966 Admiral AK. Chatterji 4 March, 1966-27 February, 1970 Admiral S.M. Nanda 28 February, 1970-28 February. 1973 Admiral S.N. Kohli 1 March, 1973-28 February, 1976 Admiral J.L. Cursetji 1 March, 1976-28 February, 1979 Admiral R.L. Pereira 1 March, 1979-28 February, 1982 Admiral O.S. Dawson 1 March, 1982-30 November, 1984 Admiral R.H. Tahiliani 1 December, 1984-30 November. 1987 Admiral J.G. Nadkarni 1 December, 1987-30 November, 1990  Admiral Ramdas 1 December, 1990-30 September, 1993 Admiral V.S. Shekhawat 1 October, 1993-30 September, 1996 Admiral Vishnu bhagwat 1 October, 1996-30 December, 1998 Admiral Sushil Kumar 31 December, 1998-29 December. 2001 Admiral Madlwendra Singh 29 December, 2001-31 July, 2004 Admiral Arun Prakash 31 July, 2004-1 November, 2006 Admiral Sureesh Mehta 1 November, 2006 - 31 August, 2009 Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma 31 August, 2009 -.31 August, 2012 Admiral Devendra kumar Joshi 31 August, 2012 - till date

CHIEFS OF AIR STAFF – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Tenure Photo Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst 15 August, 1947-21 February, 1950 Air Marshal Sir Ronald Chapman 22 February, 1950-9 December, 1951 Air Marshal Sir Gerald Gibbs 10 December, 1951-31 March, 1954 Air Marshal S. Mukherjee 1 April, 1954-8 November. 1960 Air Marshal A.M. Engineer 1 December, 1960-31 July, 1964 Air Chief Marshal Arian Singh 1 August. 1964-15 July. 1969 Air Chief Marshal P.C. Lal 16 July, 1969-15 January, 1973 Air Chief Marshal O.P. Mehra 16 January, 1973-31 January, 1976 Air Chief Marshal H. Moolgavkar 1 February, 1976-31 August, 1978 Air Chief Marshal I.H. Latif 1 September, 1978-31 August, 1981 Air Chief Marshal Dilbagh Singh 1 September, 1981-4 September, 1984 Air Chief Marshal L.M. Katre 5 September. 1984-1 July. 1985 Air Chief Marshal DA La Fontaine 3 July, 1985-31 July, 1988 Air Chief Marshal S.K. Mehra 1 August, 1988-31 July, 1991 Air Chief Marshal N.C. Sun 1 August, 1991-31 July, 1993 Air Chief Marshal S.K. Kaul 1 August, 1993-31 December, 1995 Air Chief Marshal S.K. Sareen 1 January, 1996-31 December, 1998 Air Chief Marshal A.Y. Tipnis 1 January, 1999-31 December, 2001 Air Chief Marshal S. Krishnaswamy 1 January, 2002-31 December, 2004 Air Chief Marshal S.P. Tyagi 31 December, 2004-31 March. 2007 Air Chief Marshal Fali H. Major 31 March, 2007-31 May, 2009 Air Chief Marshal PV Nayak 31 May, 2009-31 July, 2011 Air Chief Marshal N K Brown 31 July, 2011-31 December, 2013 Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha 31 December. 2013 - till date

CHIEFS OF ARMY STAFF – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Tenure Photo General Maharaj Rajendra Singhji 1 April, 1955-14 May, 1955 General S.M. Srinagesh 15 May, 1955-7 May, 1957 General K.S. Thirnayya 8 May, 1957-7 May, 1961 General P.N. Thapar 8 May,1961-19 November, 1962 General J.N Choudhuri 20 November, 1962-7 June, 1966 General P.P. Kumaramangalam 8 June, 1966-7 June, 1969 General S.H.F.J. Nlanekshaw 8 June, 1969-31 December, 1972 Field Marshal S.H.F.J. Manekshaw 1 January, 1973-14 January, 1973   General G.G. Bewoor 15 January, 1973-31 May, 1975 General T.N. Raina 1 June, 1975-31 May, 1978 General O.P. Malhotra 1 June, 1978-31 May, 1983 General K.V. Krishna Rao 1 June. 1981-31 July, 1983 General A.S. Vaidya 1 August. 1983-31 January, 1986 General K. Sunderji 1 February, 1986-30 April, 1988 General V.N. Sharma 1 May, 1988-30 June, 1990 General S.F. Rodrigues 1 July, 1990-30 June, 1993 General B.C. Joshi 1 July, 1993-18 November, 1994 General S. Roychowdhruy 22 November. 1994-30 Sep., 1997 General V.P. Malik 1 October, 1997-30 September, 2000 General S. Padmanabhan 30 September, 2000-31Dec., 2002 General N.C. Vij 1 January, 2003-1 February, 2005 General .J.J. Singh 1 February, 2005- 1 October, 2007 General Deepak Kapoor 1 October, 2007 - 31 March, 2010 General V K Singh 31 March, 2010 - 31 May, 2012 General Bikram Singh 31 May, 2012.- till date

FIRST IN INDIA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

British Governor of Bengal Warren Hastings Chief Justice of Supreme Court Harilal J. Kania (1950-51) Commander-in-Chief of Free India General Sir Roy Bucher (1948 1949)  Commander-in-Chief of Free India (Indian) General KM. Cariappa (1949-1953) Chief of Air Staff Air Marshall Sir Thomas Emhirst (1947-50) Indian Air Chief Air Marshall S. Mukherjee (1854-60) Chief of Army Staff General Maharaja Rajendra Sinhji (April-May 1955) Chief of Naval Staff (Indian) Vice Admiral RD Katari (1958-1962) Field Marshall General SHFJ Manekshaw (1972-73) Cosmonaut Sqn, Leader Rakesh Sharma Indian Governor-General of Indian Union C. Rajagopalachari Indian ICS Officer Satyendra Nath Tagore Indian FRS A. Cursetji Indian Member of the Viceroy's Executive Council Sir S.P. Sinha First President of India to die in harness Dr. Zakir Husain First Prime Minister to resign from Office Morarji Desai Magsaysay Award Winner Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1988) Man to swim across English Channel Mihir Sen Man to climb Mount Everest without Oxygen Phu Dorjee Man to climb Mount Everest twice  Nwang Gombu Oscar Winner Bhanu Athaiya Woman to swim across English Channel Ms. Arti Saha (Now Mrs. Arti Gupta) Woman to Climb Mount Everest Bachendri Pal Woman Chief Justice of a High Court Leela Seth (Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh, 1991) Woman to win an Asiad Gold Kamaljit Sandhu Woman Chairman of UPSC Rose Millian Bathew Woman Chief Minister of a state Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani Woman Airline Pilot Durba Banerjee Woman Union Minister Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Woman Governor Mrs. Sarojini Naidu Woman Judge in Supreme Court Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Biwi Woman IPS Officer Kiran Bedi Woman Speaker of State Assembly Mrs. Shanno Devi Woman Minister in a State Mrs. Vljayalakshmi Pandit (in 1937) Women President Pratibha Patil First Indian lady to be crowned Miss World Rita Faria Talkie Film Alam Ara (1931) Telefilm Sadgati (on Doordarshan April 1981) Test Tube Baby Indira (Baby Harsha) Speaker of Lok Sabha C.V. Mavlankar (1952-56) Chief Election Commissioner Sukumar Sen (1950-58) Chairman of First Finance Commission Sri K. C. Neogy (1951) President of Indian National Congress W.C. Banerjee General Post Office in India Madras GPOP on the beach In Fort St. George Square (opened on June 1, 1786) Electric Railway In February. 1929 between Victoria Terminus (Mumbaff and Kurla Aircraft Carrier INS Vikrant (joined Indian Navy on Nov. 3, 1961) First Postal Stamp Released On July 1, 1852 (Provincial) and all India Stamp on October 1, 1854  Recipient of Bharat Ratna  1. C. Rajagopalachari 2. S. Radhakrishnan 3. C.V. Raman (1954) Recipient of Dada Saheb Phalke Award Devika Rani Reorich Recipient of Bharatiya Jnanpitha G. Shankara Kurup (1965) Woman Cosmonaut Ms. Kalpana Chawala (NRI) Woman Judicial Officer Anna Chandy (Munsif in 1937) Woman Congress President Annie Besant (1917) Woman President of Stock Exchange Omana Abraham of Kottayam Bank Bank of Hindustan (1770) Regular Oil Well Borbil (Later Known as Digboi-discovered in 1890) Submarine INS Kalvari (Commissioned in 1967)

FAMOUS PERSONALITIES OF WORLD – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Details Photo   Abul Fazal  was the celebrated Mughal court poet and councillor of Akbar. Works : Akbar-nama; Ain-i-Akbari.   Al-beruni  was a celebrated historian who visited India in company with the armies of Mahmud Ghazni.  Alexander the Great  (356-323 B.C.)  was king of Macedon (Greece) who set out for mighty military exploits and invaded India in 327 B.C. He reached up to the Beas from where he retreated as his home-sick army refused to proceed further.  Alexander Eiffel (1832-1932) French Engineer who built the Eiffel Tower and the locks on the Panama Canal.  Albert Einstein (1879-1955)  German mathematical physicist and one of the greatest of all men of science.  Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)   was a Greek philosopher, artist, poet, and thinker. He was the founder of a famous school of philosophy.  Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)  Leader of the NAZI party, he led Germany into conquering much of Europe in 2nd World War, responsible for the genocide of 6 million Jews. In 1945. he committed suicide as Russians took Berlin.  Archimedes (287-212 B.C.)  Greek mathematician, physicist and inventor made many discoveries in mechanics and invented the Archimedean screw. Killed during siege of Syracuse by Romans.  Ariatophanes (450-385 B.C.)  Greek comic dramatist. Dr. Alfred Nobel (1833-96) Swedish inventor of dynamite in his will he left money for the annual prizes named after him (for work done the benefit of marking in physics, chemistry, physiology and medicine. liters turc and peace).   Baden Powell (1857-1941) was founder of the Boy Scout movement in 1908 and Girl Guides in 1910.  Beethoven one of the world's greatest musicians and composers. He became deaf at the age of 40 and despite this handicap, he wrote many memorable symphonies, songs, sonatas and concertos. Died at the age of 56   Benjamin Franklin (1706-1990) American Statesman, philosopher and scientist; played an important part in framing the constitution of the U.S.A. invented the lightning conductor  Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)  Fascist dictator of Italy, 1922-1943.   Cleopatra (69-30 B.C.) famous Egyptian Queen whose beauty fascinated Julius Caesar whom she accompanied to Rome. She is known for her romance with Antony dramatised by Shakespeare in his love tragedy.   Lord Clive (1725-1774) came to India as a clerk in the East India Company. He showed such remarkable military genius that he became comrnander-in-Chief. He defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah supported by the French in the Battle of Massey in 1757. Returned to England in 1760; his later years were marked by mental disturbance and ultimately he committed suicide.  Charles Spencer Chaplin (1889-1977) The most famous of all film comedians.  Charlemage (1742-1814)  Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, his dominions stretched from the Atlantic to the Danube and Tibet.  Charles V (1500-1558)  Holy Roman Emperor who ruled Austria, the Netherlands and Spain.   Claudius Ptolemy (c.90-168) Greek astronomer and geographer, born in Alexandria; according to the Ptolemaic system, the earth was the center of the universe and the heavenly bodies revolved around it.   Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Italian explorer in Spanish Service; landed on main land of South America in 1498 and discovered Trinidad in 1502.  Confucius (c. 551-479)  The most celebrated of the Chinese philosophers. Count Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) Great Russian novelist: author of War and Peace. generally regarded as the greatest novel over written. Charles Darwin (1809-82) English naturalist whose Origin of the Species first set out the theory of evolution by means of natural selection. Calvin (1509-64) French religious reformer who preached his severe doctrine (Calvinism). In Geneva, where he created a Protestant republic. Dante (1265-1321) the greatest of Italian poets. Author of Divina Commedia. Dalhousie, Lord : was the British Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856. His period of office was known for extensive annexations and as far as the consolidation of British power in India is concerned, he ranks with Wellesley and Hastings.  Disraeli (1804-1881)  English statesman and novelist. Became Prime Minister in 1868. He contributed greatly to the building up of a great Empire.  David (1038-970 B.C.)  King who united Israelites in Canaan.   Edison American inventor. Born in Ohio, he became first a newsboy and then a telegraph operator. He invented an automatic repeater for telegraphic messages, phonograph, incandescent lamp.  Eisenhower (1890-1969)  34th President of the USA Supreme Commander of all the Allied armies in the west during the second world war. He introduced "Eisenhower Doctrine" in 1957, a policy of giving aid to Middle Eastern countries against international communist aggression.   Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Queen of England; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Spanish Armaj was defeated during her reign. Her reign is famous for development in literature, colonisation and naval power. Shakespeare lived in her time.  …

FAMOUS PERSONALITIES OF INDIA – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Name Details Photo  Abialyabai   was the famous Ilolkar queen. She was widowed daughter-in-law of Malhar Rao Holkar, the virtual ruler of Malwa. After the death of Malhar Rao, Ahialyabai ruled the state with great skill and understanding.  Akbar (1556-1605)   He was the greatest of the Mughal Emperors in India. He founded a new religion Din-i-Etahi. He is known for reforms in land revenue administration, religious toleration, abolition of pilgrim tax and Jazia.  Albuquerque   was the real founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East. He conquered Goa in 1510 and made it his capital. He died in 1515.  Asvagho?a  Buddhist Philosopher and musician. He was the spiritual adviser of the Kushan emperor Kanishka.  Aurangzeb (1658-1707)  The Mughal emperor of India, he was son of Shahjahan. He got power by acting against his father and brothers. After his death, the Mughal empire broke up.   Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1950)  Politician, philosopher, poet and yogi; passed I.C.S. 1890 first editor of Bande Mutaram established an ashram: in Pondicherry.  Aryabhata (476-520 A.D.)  after whom India's first scientific satellite has been named, was a great Indian astronomer and mathematician. Among his important contributions are the recognition of the importance of the movement of the earth round the sun, determination of the physical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as diameter of the earth and the moon. He laid the foundation of algebra and was responsible for pointing out the importance of 'zero".   Ashoka (273-236 B.C.) Indian Emperor, grandson of Chandra Gupta. He denounced war, embraced and preache Buddhism after the battle of Kalinga.  Mrs. Annie Besant (1847-1933)  President of the Theosophical Society, founder of the Home Rule League (1915-16) in India, was elected President of Indian National Congress. Amir Khusrow Urdu poet who laid the foundation of Urdu poetry, a contemporary, of Ala-Ud-Din Khilji, his 750th birth anniversary was celebrated in 1975. Ararita Pritam The noted Punjabi poetess and novelist is the recipient of the Bharatiya Janapith Award for 1981. B.R. Ambedkar (1899-1956) A well known Indian jurist, statesman. social reformer and scheduled castes leader. Ile was the chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee and played a significant role; in ;drafting the Indian Constitution after India attained Independence. He was honoured posthumously with the highest civilian award of Bahrat Ratna on April 14, 1990. Babur He was founder of the Mughal Empire in India. Ile conquered the throne of Delhi after the first battle of Panipat (1526) and ruled for four years (1526-1530).   Bahadur Shah II was the last king of Mughal Empire who took part in the Firs War of Indian Independence (so-called Sepoy Mutiny) in 1857. He was sent as a state prisoner to Rangoon (Burma) where he died in 1862.  Bairam Khan  was the tutor and guardian of Akbar, the Great. Akbar acquired the throne of Delhi mainly through his efforts. He was known as Khan-i-Khana.  Banabhatta  was the most celebrated of the learned men and court poet of Harshavardhana author of Harshacharita and Kadaathari. He was the greatest master of Sanskrit prose in his time.  Banda Bairagi  (Also called Banda Bahadur)-was a Rajput by caste and a native of Rajauri (Poonch). He became bairagi in his youth but took up arms against the Mughals on the advice of Guru Gohind Singh; captured in 1716 along with 800 companions and was tortured to death.  Bhaskara I  He was the astronomer of the 7th century and was a contemporary of Brahmagupta, another famous astronomer. India's second satellite for earth observation, Bhaskara, is associated with his name   Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bengali novelist; wrote Anand Math and composed Bande Matarani, Durgesh Nandini and Kapal.   Bhavabhuti The greatest writer of Sanskrit drama after Kalidas. His three plays MahauirCharita. Maki Madhau and Uttar Ram Charita are famous.  Chaitanya (1445-1533)  born at Nadia in Bengal. lie was a pioneer of Bhakti movement. He was devoted to Lord Krishna and preached the doctrine of love  Chanakya  He was the Prime Minister of Chandragupta Maurya who founded the Maurya dynasty. He is the author of Artha Shastra, an authentic book on statecraft. He is also known by the name of Kautilya.  Chand Bibi  Daughter of the King of Ahmad Nagar. She was married to Ali Shah, kind of Bijapur. She bravely fought against the soldiers of Aurangzeb but lost her life in the battle. Chandragupta II (Vlkramaditya) He was a brave emperor of Gupta dynasty. In his time Hindustan was rejuvenated, and art and literature flourished unobstructed. Fa-hien, the first Chinese pilgrim visited India during his region Charak (1st Century A.D.). Famous physician acquainted with all branches of medicine including surgery during the reign of King Kanishka C.R. Das  Lawyer, poet, journalist and politician, cofounder of Swarajya Party C. Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) Popularly known as Rajaji, he was the first and last…

FAMOUS PERSONALITIES AND THEIR BIRTHDAYS – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Personality Birthday Photo  Satyendranath Bose (1894-1974)  1 January  Swami Vivekanada (1863-1902) 12 January  Subhash Chandra Bose (1897-1945) 23 January  Lala Lajpat Rai (1865-1928) 28 January  Dr. Zakir Hussain (1897-1969) 8 February  Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949) 13 February  Ramkrishna Panunhansa (1836-1886) 20 February  Guru Ravidas 15 February Chhatrapati Shivaji (1627-1680)   19 February Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1824-1883) 24 February C. V. Raman (1888-1970) 28 February Morarji Desai (1896-1995)  29 February Manvendra Desai (1896-1995) 21 March Ram Manohar Lohiya (1910-1967) 23 March Jagjivan Ram (1908-1986) 5 April Rahul Sankrityayan (1893-1963)  9 April Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956) 14 April Satyajit Ray (1921-1992)    2 May Moti Lal Nehru (1861-1931)   6 May Rabindra Nath Tagore (1861-1941)  7 May  Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1866-1915) 9 May Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1905-1977) 13 May Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (1913-1994) 19 May V. D. Savarkar (1883-1966) 28 May K. M. Pannikkar (1894-1963) 3 June Dr. V. C. Roy (1882-1963)  1 July (Doctor's Day) Shyama Prasad Mukherjee (1901-1953) 6 July Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856-1920) 23 July Munshi Premchand (1880-1937) 31 July Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1950)  15  August V. V. Giri (1894-1980) 10 August Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991) 20 August Dhyanchand (1905-1979) 29 August Dadabhai Nauroji (1825-1917)  4 September Dr. S. Radhakrislman (1888-1967)  5 September (Teacher's Day) Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)  10 Saptember Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982)  11 Saptember Deendayal Upadhyaya (1916-1968) 25 Saptember Vitthal Bhai Patel (1873-1933) 27 Saptember Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) 2 October Meghnath Saha (1893-1956)  6 October Jai Prakash Naryan (1902-1980) 11 October Lala Hardayal (1884-1939) 14 October Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898)   17 October Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950) 31 October Chitranjan Das (1869-1925) 5 November Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958) 11 November Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889-1964)  14 November (Childrens Day) Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)  19 November Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963) 3 December C. Rajagopalchari (1878-1972)  10 December Subramania Bharti (1882-1921) 11 December S. Ramanujan (1887-1920) 22 December Charan Singh (1902-1987) 23 December Madan Mohan Malviya (1861-1946) 25 December Gautama Buddha (563-483 B.C.) Baisakh Purnima Vardhamana Mahavira (599-527 B.C.) Chaitra Shukla Triyodesi Lord Rama  Chaitra Shukla Navami Lord Krishna Bhadrpad Krishnashtami Gum Nanak (1469-1538)  Kartik Purnima Guru Govind Singh (1666-1708)  Paus Shukla Ekadasi Kalidas  Kartik Shukla Ekadasi Kabirdas  Jyesth Purnima  Surdas  Vaisakh Shukla Panchamt  Tulsidas Shravan Shukla Saptami

NEWS AGENCIES OF WORLD – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Agency Headquarters Photo AA Anadol Ajansi Ankara AAP Australian Associated Press Sydney ADN Aligemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst Berlin AE Agence Europe Brussels AFP Agence France Presse Paris ANA Athenagence Athens ANGOP Angola Agecia Naticiosa N'gola Press Luanda ANP Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau The Hague ANSA Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associate Rome ANTARA Indonesian National News Agency Jakarta AP Associated Press New York APP Agence Parisienne de Presse Paris APP Associated Press of Pakistan Islamabad AUP Australian United Press Melbourne BERNAMA Malayaslan National News Agency Kuala Lumpur BSS Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha Dhaka CANA Caribbean News Agency Bridgetown CNS China News Service Beijing CP Canadian Press Toronto CSTK Ceskoslovenska Tiskova Kancelar Prague DPA Deutsche Press Agentur Hamburg EXTEL Exchange and Telegraph Company  London GNA Agence Guineennede Press  Conakry (Guinea) GNA  Ghana News Agency Accra INA Iraqi News Agency   Baghdad IPS Inter Press Service Rome IRNA Islamic Republic News Agency Tehran ITIM Associated Israel Press TelAviv KNA Kenya News Agency Nairobi KUNA Kuwait News Agency Kuwait City KYODO Kyodon Tsushin Tokyo MENA Middle East News Agency  Cairo NOVOSTI Agentstvo Pechati Novosti Moscow NPS Norsk Press Service Oslo NZPA New Zealand Press Agency Wellington PANA Pan-African News Agency Dakar PNA Philippines News Agency Manila PPI Pakistan Press International Karachi PTI Press Trust of India  Mumbai REURTERS Reuters London SPA Saudi Press Agency Riyadh TANJUG Novinska Agencija Tanjug Belgrade TASS Telegraph Agency of the Sovereign States Moscow UNI United News of India New delhi UPI United Press International New York XINHUA Xrnhua Beijing LANKAP-UVATH SriLanka News Agency Colombo NAMPA Namibia Press Agency Windhoek ZIANA Zimbabwe Inter-Africa News Agency Harare

HIGHEST HONOURS AROUND THE WORLD – STATIC GK FOR SSC, IBPS/ SBI – PO/ CLERK

Country Highest Honours Photo India Bharat Ratna Pakistan Nishan-e-Pakistan Kuwait Mubarak-Al-Kabir Medal Saudi Arabia Shah Abdul Aziz Medal Argentina The Order of Sona Martin Nicaragua Augusta-Caesar Sandino Order Vietnam The Order of the Golden Star Hungary The Order of Banner Britain Member of British Empire. Victoria Cross Japan Order of Moulovenice Sun Denmark Order of Diana Brog France Legend of Honour America Presidential Medal of Freedom Germany Pore Lee Merit Iron Cross The Netherlands Netherlands Lion
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